- How to avoid scars
- How to get rid of chickenpox as quickly as possible
- How to get rid of a chemical burn on the face
- -mineral water,
- napkin, scarf,
- decongestant ointment
- -sea buckthorn oil,
Causes of scarring in the lungs
Fibrous changes in the lungs are characterized by the appearance of scars that resemble scars after injuries. They are often found in people employed in the field of construction, metallurgy, etc., who in the process of work are forced to inhale industrial and industrial dust. Scars in the lungs appear as a result of a number of diseases: cirrhosis, tuberculosis, pneumonia, an allergic reaction. The development of fibrosis depends, inter alia, on environmental conditions and climate. The process of scar formation is accompanied by the following symptoms: cough, rapid breathing, cyanosis of the skin, increased blood pressure, shortness of breath. Dyspnea is first observed only during physical exertion, and then appears and at rest. A complication of this condition is chronic respiratory failure, secondary infection, chronic pulmonary heart disease, pulmonary hypertension.
Cryodestruction: quick freeze
You may be surprised, but some scars - keloid and hypertrophic - can be frozen. This method is called cryodestruction. The procedure is as follows. A special applicator is moistened in a coolant (liquid nitrogen is usually used) and pressed several times to the scar until ice drizzles form around it. The phases of freezing and thawing are very painful, so the operation is performed under anesthesia. After deep cooling, the treated area of the skin swells very much, gets wet and becomes like a burn bladder. A few days later it becomes covered with a dry crust, which in most cases disappears after a week. In place of the scab, a pink scar remains, which over time becomes almost invisible.
To achieve maximum cosmetic effect, ice procedures often have to be repeated 2-3 times.
To avoid lung scarring, it is important to rule out factors that can cause such changes. Patients should not be overworked, with an exacerbation of the underlying disease, they are prescribed antibiotics, agents that expand the bronchi, as well as inhalations. The appearance of scars in the lungs will help to avoid compliance with safety rules, the use of personal protective equipment, timely treatment of inflammatory diseases of the respiratory system, and smoking cessation. The use of certain antiarrhythmic drugs can lead to the development of fibrosis, in which case periodic monitoring of the condition of the lungs is necessary. As a prevention of scarring, physical exercises, proper nutrition, cleansing the body of toxins and toxins, and avoiding stressful situations are recommended.
Age-related fibrotic changes in the lungs
Scars in the lungs can appear due to the aging of the body, while the organs lose their elasticity and lose the ability to expand and contract. The airways in the elderly are clogged due to prolonged horizontal position, shallow breathing. A fairly common age-related change in lung tissue is interstitial fibrosis, in which fibrous tissue grows and the walls of the alveoli thicken. A person develops a cough with sputum and an admixture of blood, chest pain, and shallow breathing is observed. Prevention of age-related fibrotic changes in the lungs consists in an active lifestyle, smoking cessation, regular exercise, constant voice communication, singing, reading aloud.
To get an abrasion or cut, no effort is needed. Some of them arise and disappear very easily, while others can remain for a long time and significantly spoil the appearance.
Fortunately, scars can be avoided. Usually this doesn’t take so much effort. The main thing is to respond in time to the appearance of a wound. The best cure for scars is recognized as proper wound care. The ground for the appearance of scars can be a regular scratch, as well as seams, blackheads or cuts.
To avoid the appearance of scars, it is enough to follow three main points: clean a fresh wound or cut and rinse with cool water. If any foreign bodies have got there, then they must be removed using tweezers disinfected with alcohol. The skin around the wound should be washed with soap. It is not worth treating wounds and cuts with iodine and alcohol, as they complicate the healing process, making it longer.
After cleaning the wound, it should be bandaged. If you close the wound with a bandage or plaster, then bacteria will be blocked from accessing it. If you use a cream or ointment with antibiotics, the wound will remain clean and moist, which will also avoid the presence of a scar.
In no case should you pick up scabs that appear on the site of a scratch or cut. White blood cells fight harmful bacteria, and a blood clot appears due to the efforts of red blood cells. A scab is gradually forming. If it is removed ahead of time, there is a risk of renewed bleeding and a new infection.
There are times when even perfect wound care leads to the appearance of scars. And even the size of the wound in this case does not matter. This is due to the fact that some people have a tendency to scars, and some areas of the skin are overly vulnerable.
It is possible to reduce the risk of scars in such places due to the refusal of physical exercises for the period of wound healing. The appearance of bumpy scars is possible if an excess of collagen is produced in the skin. But even if such an unpleasant scar appeared, you can slightly reduce its visibility.
Filling: additional volume
Atrophic scars, as if drowning in the skin, can be filled with collagen, adipose tissue taken from other areas of the body, or special preparations with hyaluronic acid, which are used to increase the volume of lips, cheekbones, cheeks, and chin. After local anesthesia, several subcutaneous microinjections are made into the scar area, and it is instantly pulled to the level of nearby tissues. Unfortunately, the cosmetic effect does not last long. None of the “fillers” can permanently rid of the scar. They only for a while fill the voids in the skin, and then dissolve and are excreted from the body.
On average, the result of collagen injections lasts for 3-6 months. Gels with hyaluronic acid last from 6 months to a year, and adipose tissue from six months to a year and a half. After the agent resolves, the procedure can be repeated.
Dermobraziya: erase at the root
In the fight against hypertrophic scars that have taken root in the deeper layers of the dermis, the dermoblasty method is used. Special rotating brushes, or milling cutters, specialist grinds scar tissue. There is little pleasant in this procedure, therefore it is carried out under anesthesia. If you are afraid of the sight of blood, it is better to close your eyes. Scarlet spots will certainly appear, because the specialist will remove not only the epidermis, but also the upper layer of the dermis. Fortunately, bleeding does not take long. She stops after 10-30 minutes. In place of the worn out skin, a scab appears over time, which disappears after a week. After this, the scar becomes almost invisible. Until the crust forms, the wound must be looked after so as not to infect the infection. You may have to make dressings. The most unpleasant moment of dermobraziya is that it can aggravate a visible skin defect.
Keep in mind: if the scar is wider at the base, then after the procedure it will become more pronounced.
Microdermabrasion: delicate grinding
Microdermabrasion, a more gentle procedure, can be an alternative to dermobraziya. But with its help, you can change the appearance of only those scars that appeared as a result of injuries affecting the upper layer of the skin - for example, shallow atrophic or normotrophic ones. In this case, alumina powder is used as exfoliating particles. A flow of crystals is directed to the scar zone, which grind the surface layers of the epidermis. The process goes so fast that it does not even have time to deliver unpleasant sensations. But this is not the only positive point. With such polishing, the risk of bacterial infection is minimized, since all materials are disposable. In addition, abrasive particles are often used in conjunction with oxygen, which has an antibacterial effect and promotes rapid skin regeneration. To get the best result, you will need a course of procedures that makes sense to carry out after 7-10 days, during which time a new layer of skin is formed.
Be prepared for contingencies. Most likely, you will have to spend money on needleless mesotherapy sessions using serums against scars. But an integrated approach provides a truly magical result.
Laser: let off steam
The skin is 70% water - this feature allows you to correct scars with lasers. In the treated area, the temperature rises to several hundred degrees, and the heated skin layer instantly turns into steam. In this case, you can not do without preliminary anesthesia. Erbium and CO2 lasers are widely used in the fight against scars. When polishing the latter, the epidermis is removed almost to the entire depth and the dermis is heated, as a result of which active collagen synthesis occurs. Erbium works more delicately. It penetrates only one thousandth of a millimeter and polishes the surface layers of the epidermis without thermal damage to surrounding tissues. In this case, the thermal effect does not extend to the dermis, and therefore collagen is not synthesized as actively.
Experts have no unanimous opinion as to which of the lasers is preferable. Some people think that CO2 has a better effect on deep hypertrophic and atrophic scars, others say that after erbium resurfacing, the skin heals faster and there are fewer complications. In any case, these procedures are non-contact, so the wound is sterile.
Peeling: acid movement
For the correction of small normotrophic and atrophic scars, surface peeling with glycolic acid is used. It works at the epidermis level. Gently penetrates the skin without injuring it, and exfoliates keratinized scales. As a result, old cells are destroyed, and young ones begin to work actively, creating new tissue. In the fight against deep scars, median and deep peels with trichloroacetic or phenolic acid are necessary. They dissolve the epidermis and cause necrosis of the surface layers of the dermis. The skin on the treated area darkens and becomes crusty. Then comes the healing phase. The restoration mechanisms of cell activity are launched, enhanced collagen synthesis occurs, as a result of which the depth of the scar decreases.
To achieve the maximum effect, experts recommend conducting several median peels with an interval of 1-3 months. But, before doing this, it is necessary to undergo a course of superficial peelings that will tune the skin to the procedure.
Surgical: lie under the knife
One of the radical ways to deal with scars is to go to the surgeon. This method is suitable for the correction of all types of scars, except keloid. The latter often give relapses. If the scar is not wide, it can be excised and an intradermal cosmetic suture can be applied. As a result, only a barely noticeable filiform trace will remain from the scar. Impressive scars are removed with plastic grafts. The damaged area is excised and a skin flap taken from a healthy area of the patient is seated in its place.
As an alternative method, operations are performed with bags of silicone, or tissue expanders. Such a design is sutured under the skin near the scar and sterile saline solution is periodically added to it to increase the volume. The pouch grows, and with it the skin stretches. When a surplus of healthy tissue is sufficient in size, the silicone is removed, the scar is excised, and the edges of the skin are sutured.
Ekaterina Pozdeeva, Medical Director of the Linline Laser Medicine Clinics Network:
It is difficult to say what period is optimal for the correction of scars. Some experts believe that the scar must be removed no later than a month from the moment of injury. Others are confident that it is possible to effectively fight only with the formed scars, which are more than a year old. At the same time, both sides are unanimous in their opinion that much depends on the location of the wound, blood supply in its walls, the nature of the damage, its scale and patient characteristics: age, heredity, tissue immunity.
If you get injured, serious or mild, you may get a scar. This is a natural result of the wound healing process: collagen is released from the inner layers of the skin, which rises to the surface and “closes” the damage, resulting in a scar. Although there are no miraculous home remedies that can help prevent the appearance of scars, using certain methods you can influence the formation and coarsening of scar tissue during the natural healing of the wound.
Flush the wound. To begin the treatment of damage, the first step is to clean the wound and the skin around it. Make sure that no dirt or foreign objects remain in the wound, as this can lead to infection.
- Use soap and water. To clean the wound, gently wash the damaged area with warm water and mild soap. Press a clean, dry cloth against the wound to stop bleeding.
- Do not use hydrogen peroxide to clean the wound. After damage, the body immediately begins to form new skin cells, and hydrogen peroxide destroys these new cells and increases the likelihood of scar formation in the early stages of treatment.
Determine if you need medical attention. Medical assistance may be required in the following cases: deep puncture of the skin, incessant bleeding, deep wound, bone fracture, internal tendons, ligaments or bones appear under the skin, a wound on the face, an animal bite, laceration, reopening of the wound.
- Severe damage may require suturing. As a rule, seams reduce the risk of scar formation. If you decide to do without medical care and suturing, do the treatment of wounds at home.
- If you hurt your face, you can go to a plastic surgeon - he will suture and use other methods that will help reduce the risk of scar formation.
Apply Vaseline to your skin. Vaseline moisturizes the damaged area, promotes healing and prevents the formation of crust. At the same time, petroleum jelly does not interfere with the natural process of wound healing, on the contrary, it can accelerate it.
- If a scar appears during healing of the skin, petroleum jelly will help reduce its size.
- Crust is a natural reaction, with its help the body covers a fresh wound. However, a scar begins to form under the crust.
- In the process of wound healing, collagen rises to the skin surface, which connects torn and damaged tissues.
- After this, a temporary crust forms over collagen. Collagen heals damaged tissues and at the same time contributes to the formation of a scar under the crust.
Use a hydrogel patch and a silicone gel bandage. There is evidence that a hydrogel patch and silicone gel reduce scar formation. They moisturize damaged tissue during the healing process and help prevent the appearance of scars.
- Dressings with hydrogel and silicone gel support the natural exchange of moisture between healthy and damaged tissues. They compress the damaged area and moisturize it, which helps prevent the formation of scars.
- When using such dressings, follow the directions for use. These patches and bandages are available over-the-counter. Follow the recommendations for use attached to them.
- There are similar products at lower prices. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice on suitable scars.
- Continue to use moisturizing tight dressings for several weeks or even longer to reduce the number and size of scars.
- Vaseline is not needed if you apply dressings with hydrogel and silicone gel or use cheaper analogues that allow you to properly moisturize the wound.
- Inspect the wound daily to determine if the remedies are helping. If the skin is not sufficiently moistened or a crust forms on the wound, try using a different dressing.
Dress the wound. Use a bandage that will cover all the damaged area and reliably protect the wound. Воздействие воздуха не препятствует заживлению, но и не помогает предотвратить образование шрамов. Шрамы образуются с большей вероятностью, если оставить рану неприкрытой и незащищенной.
- На воздухе рана быстрее подсыхает, что приводит к образованию корки. Корка выступает в роли барьера, который способствует образованию шрама.
- If your skin is sensitive to adhesive dressings, cover the wound with a non-adhesive bandage and fasten it around the edges with a band-aid or medical tape.
- Use a narrow band-aid if necessary. Such a band-aid helps to pull together the edges of the skin around the wound. Use a sufficiently long adhesive plaster so that it protrudes beyond the damaged area, since the adhesive plaster does not adhere well to oiled Vaseline skin.
- Even if you use a band-aid, you should completely cover the wound with gauze or bandage - this will reduce the risk of infection and protect against repeated damage.
Change your dressing daily. Every day, wash the damaged area, check for signs of infection, moisten the wound with petroleum jelly and apply a fresh dressing.
- If the adhesive plaster holds firmly and there are no signs of infection under it, it can be left in place.
- When changing the dressing daily, rinsing and applying petroleum jelly, inspect the wound to determine if it heals, and in time to identify signs of a possible infection.
- After a new healthy skin forms in the damaged area (this can take from seven to ten days), you can change the dressing once every few days. In this case, it is necessary to ensure that the damaged area remains wet. Discontinue treatment after the wound has completely healed.
Watch for signs of a possible infection. Change the dressing daily, clean the damaged area with water and mild soap and a clean bandage, examine the wound and check for any signs of infection. Infection can develop even with perfect wound care.
- If you find signs of infection, consult a doctor immediately. Your doctor will recommend antibacterial agents for external use or prescribe antibiotics for oral administration, which should be taken for a certain time.
- Signs of infection of the wound include redness or swelling in the damaged area, skin that feels warm to the touch, red streaks from the wound on the skin, accumulation of pus or other fluid under the skin, discharge from the wound, pulsation or increased sensitivity in the damaged area, chills or fever.
Massage the damaged area. When the wound begins to heal, massage it to prevent the formation of collagen, which leads to the appearance of scar tissue. Be careful that the wound that has not yet healed does not open again.
- Massage prevents the formation of bonds between collagen molecules and prevents the appearance of solid sections of collagen on growing new skin. This avoids the formation of scars or reduce their size.
- Massage the damaged area several times a day in circular motions for 15-30 seconds.
- Use a lotion or cream for scars and scars during massage. Lotions, creams and ointments for scars are dispensed in pharmacies without a prescription.
- It has been shown that one of the popular remedies that contains various ingredients, including onion husk extract, helps prevent the appearance of scars. Other scar remedies consist of a combination of skin moisturizing ingredients.
Apply pressure. A little constant pressure on the wound helps to reduce scars or completely prevent their formation. Apply pressure to where the scar is most likely to occur.
Apply elastic tape. When the damage partially heals and the risk of opening the wound disappears, begin to apply a special medical tape in a special way to tighten the skin, improve blood circulation under the damaged area and prevent the formation of scars.
- The most famous brand of elastic tape, kinesiology tape, gave its name to the dressing method, the so-called kinesiology taping.
- Wait 2-4 weeks after getting injured so that the wound heals properly.
- Various dressings are recommended, depending on the location, depth and size of the damage. Consult your doctor, physiotherapist, or personal trainer to find out what types of dressings are best for your case.
- One of the most common types of dressings to prevent scars is to apply a single layer or strip of elastic tape along the damaged area. Stretch the elastic tape 25-50% and press it onto the damaged area.
- Over time, gradually increase the tension of the tape, provided that it does not cause pain or skin damage.
- Kinesiological taping best prevents the formation of scars with such a tape application that tightens the skin, promotes blood circulation and prevents the accumulation of collagen. Consult with your doctor, physiotherapist, or personal trainer about what types of dressings are right for you.
Limit movement. With tension and movement, the scar expands, so try to avoid activities that stretch the skin around the wound.
- If the damaged area is located in the area of the joint, for example on the elbow or knee, try not to make sudden movements. It is necessary to restore the range of motion, but care should be taken so that the wound does not reopen.
- Continue your sports and other daily physical activity, provided that they do not adversely affect your injury. Exercise improves blood circulation and thereby helps to heal injuries.
Speed up the healing process
Protect the damaged area from sunlight. After the wound heals a little and you stop dressing it, apply a sunscreen to the newly formed new skin.
- Ultraviolet solar radiation can slow down the healing process. Make sure that the wound has healed sufficiently before removing the bandage that protects the damaged skin from sunlight.
- In addition, sunlight causes skin pigmentation. As a result, newly grown skin may turn red or brown, making the scar more visible.
- Use a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30.
The legendary beauty Vivien Leigh said: "There are no ugly women - there are only women who do not know that they are beautiful." We undertake to assert that this is not enough for beauty. The skin of the face and body needs proper care. And this is a whole art.
Imagine that you look stunning!
And the men look back after you!
A mirror always responds with a smile ...
Can this be achieved? Sure, yes! After all, the best clothes for a woman are beautiful skin.
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Magical Skin is a true encyclopedia of skin care tips. Experts (dermatologists, cosmetologists, homeopaths) and just experienced ladies share recipes that help make your face and body skin clean and fresh. Note that you no longer need to spend personal time looking for suitable recipes in books and the Web.
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