Useful Tips

Guitar Gamma for Beginners


Whether you're a professional guitarist or an amateur, it can be difficult to find time to practice.

We all have responsibilities that distract us from the game. For this reason, an accelerated intensive guitar “training” was developed, which can last only half an hour. You can use it as an exercise when time is limited, or as a workout for a long time. In any case, such training will help develop your game in a number of important areas.

These exercises include reproduction of the diatonic scale with a specific selected sequence - sequence to improve your game. You will improve your theoretical knowledge of diatonicism throughout the fretboard, as well as increase the speed and accuracy of your sound production technique. You will need a metronome for this workout.

For example, a minor is used. You need to play each of these sequences under a metronome, after completion, increase the tempo and repeat the sequence again. Start at a slow pace, about 80 beats per minute, and increase the pace by 10 beats per minute (90, 100, 110, 120, etc.).

Sequences have varying degrees of difficulty. Once it becomes too difficult to play, continue to the next sequence. You should remember the maximum pace achieved for each of them. This way you will see your progress over time. If you start at 80 beats per minute, you should reach maximum speed in about 30 minutes. Of course, if you are an advanced player, you can take the starting pace much higher. But if you are just learning to play the guitar, take the pace more slowly. And if you don’t have a guitar yet, pick it up at a bargain price in the store Jazz-shop is one of the best music stores that I know.

For each sequence, an example in audio format is attached: 80 beats per minute, also at maximum speed.

Linear sequences (maximum 160 beats per minute)

These sequences are aimed at reproducing the diatonic scale according to the principle of “four notes on a string” instead of the usual three. The purpose of the exercise is to use all four fingers when playing. The combination of the use of fingers for sound extraction is indicated in the first sequence. We listen and play.

Gamma on the guitar - what is it?

Gamma - This is a sequence of seven consecutive notes that make up a key or a certain mood. The notes inside these structures are always combined with each other, and when placed correctly, they make harmonic intervals or chords, which just consists of music and works. This article is dedicated to this aspect. Here you will find a complete explanation of what scales are and how to compose them yourself.

Arpeggio-based sequences (maximum 120 beats per minute)

You may have come across these sequences, but these examples are definitely unique. This exercise consists in playing the gamut in two octaves by brute force. The first sequence is played by a trident arpeggio (I-III-V). The second - sorting out the seventh gamut (I-III-V-VII).

These sequences can be applied to any diatonic scale in any key. After mastering the sequences in A minor, try practicing with a different gamut. Good luck

Great exercise, took myself

Normal exercises for the guitar. If possible, lay out more of these. Such exercises really increase the technicality of playing the guitar.

Very useful guitar exercises, took note.

What are the scales for the guitarist for?

In fact, knowledge of gamut is essential for every musician. They will give the guitarist tremendous scope for improvisation and composing both riffs and solo parts. Without them, you will not be able to come up with a beautiful part that will sound as harmonious as possible inside the composition, or even build its skeleton. In addition, they will be useful for the arranger, who needs to compose parts for different instruments.

Knowing the scales, any guitarist can immediately improvise and understand what it is for him to play right now. This is useful on group jams, from which new songs may come out. In addition, without scales you will not understand how to build chords, and you will not be able to diversify your acoustic compositions.

What gamma to learn first?

The simple answer to this question is all. Thus, you will not only memorize the sounds that enter the key, but also learn the location of the notes on the fretboard. However, the easiest way to start is with the scale in C major or A minor. The reason is that all the notes included in them are not intermediate. Having learned their location, you can easily find notes of sharp or flat notes that are part of other keys.

Besides, and this will be discussed below, you should pay attention to the so-called guitar boxes - if you learn them, then the further development of scales will be much easier than it could be.

The value of gamma for the performer

As mentioned above, the scales allow you to freely improvise inside any of the keys. This is especially convenient if you suddenly stumble on stage during the performance of a song and cannot find the desired fragment of your solo. Knowing the scales you, instead of stalling, just start playing something else, and return to the desired section.

In addition, it often happens that the composition is modified within the performance. You can play more squares of the song on emotions than necessary, and then it will be much easier for you to fill this space with modulations and solos.

Varieties of Gammas

Gammas come in two types - major and minor. There are twenty-four of them, according to the number of all existing keys, but there is one feature that will make it easier for you to learn them. The fact is that the gamma, which is included in the major key, is also present in the minor minor, and vice versa. Thus, in fact you only need to remember which keys are parallel to each other, and learn twelve scales.

By themselves, these boxes can be sharp and flat - if inside them there are, respectively, notes with these signs. In addition, there is a special subspecies - chromatic scale, in which each note entering the key increases by half a tone, with the exception of one.

Construction theory

Major scale is built according to the following principle:

Tonic - Tone - Tone - Halftone - Tone - Tone - Tone - Halftone. This is the most standard scheme from which all musicians repel.

The minor scale is constructed as follows:

Tonic - Tone - Halftone - Tone - Tone - Halftone - Tone - Tone.

The chromatic scale is repelled by this scheme, and increases all notes by half a tone, except for the sixth step, instead of which the seventh decreases if we are talking about major, or with the exception of the first, instead of which the second decreases if we are talking about minor. It should be borne in mind that we complete an additional semitone to each note, and do not change it to a sharp or flat one.

Besides, if in the minor between the last two tones you also insert a semitone, you get the so-called harmonic gamma. The same applies to major, but if a half-tone is inserted between the fifth and sixth steps. This gives the sound an oriental touch.

Fingering gamma guitar

You can play the scale on the guitar both on one string and on the entire fretboard. In the first case, you simply move from the first or zero fret to the twelfth, if we are talking about C major or A minor, or from any other until the moment you pass a full octave.

However, it is much easier and more beneficial to play scales with the so-called boxes. Then you will know which string is located, which note, and you can much more easily improvise and build new scales in the future on your own.

How to play scales on a guitar

The most important thing is to play under the metronome. You are required to clearly set accents while playing a strong beat in order to better feel the rhythm. Another good option would be to play and record riffs inside the key, and then play scales for them. Thus, you can freely improvise and learn to play solo parts already, and not just play individual boxes.

In addition, try playing gammas with duoles, trioli and other rhythmic patterns. That is, for one hit of the metronome you need to play a note twice, three, or more. This greatly accelerates the hand and teaches you to get used to odd and broken sizes.

Gamma boxes - what is it

In fact, boxes - these are stable positions or patterns that form a gamut. They include all the strings, not just one, and vary slightly depending on your position on the fretboard. In addition, this also includes the classical modes, which originate from Greek music. If you do not want to delve into the theory and learn how to construct gammas, then the frets will help you memorize them anyway.

Positions of scales on a guitar. How many and what are?

Gamma positions are also divided into major and minor. There are five in total, and they move in the fingerboard, depending on the key in which you play. Therefore, for a comfortable game, you just need to learn five boxes in C major, and move them down the fingerboard, based on the key inside the song.

Beginner Guitar Gamma Examples

This section includes examples of scales and fingerings for them. This was done primarily for beginner guitarists so that they look and get comfortable - find the necessary boxes on the neck and understand in practice what it is.

Gamma Tabs GTP

In this section you will find tabs for different types of scales, many of them are exercises and different variations in the performance of standard scales. However, we emphasize once again that it is easiest to learn boxes, and remember which one starts from which fret. After that, in fact, you will learn all the scales, you just have to move them down the bar.

  1. Algerian Traditional Music Scales.gp4 - Download (6 Kb)
  2. Hromaticheskaya_gamma_oktavyi.gp5 - Download (2 Kb)
  3. Major Scale Positions.gp3 - Download (9 Kb)
  4. Scales and Arpeggios - B SCALES.gp3 - Download (1 Kb)
  5. Scales and Arpeggios - C SCALES.gp3 - Download (1 Kb)
  6. Scales and Arpeggios - D SCALES.gp3 - Download (1 Kb)
  7. Scales and Arpeggios - E Aeolian.gp3 - Download (1 Kb)
  8. Scales and Arpeggios - E SCALES.gp3 - Download (1 Kb)
  9. Scales and Arpeggios - Gb-F # .gp3 - Download (1 Kb)
  10. Scales and Arpeggios - Lots Of Scales in C.gp3 - Download (2 Kb)
  11. Scales and Arpeggios - Modes.gp3 - Download (2 Kb)
  12. Scales and Arpeggios - Scales of all kind.gp3 - Download (6 Kb)
  13. Scales and Arpeggios - Scales.gp3 - Download (5 Kb)
  14. Scales and Arpeggios - Thirds Exercise.gp3 - Download (2 Kb)
  15. Scales and Arpeggios - Various Warm.gp4 - Download (5 Kb)

4 Replies to “Guitar Gamma for Beginners. How to play scales and what are they for? ”

Good afternoon!
Question: in the paragraph “Gamma Boxes - What Is It?” Under the phrase “G Major Gamma Boxes (C Major)” under number 1 there is the same scheme, which is tabulated below as “Gamma A minor”. Why?

Hello, Alexander. The scales in C major and A minor are parallel keys, therefore they have the same fingerings. Also, for example, we can cite other parallel scales, which also have the same fingerings in F major - D minor, G major - E minor, etc.

In fact, when studying gamma you need to learn it in minor or major, because in a parallel tonality it will be fulfilled, it will be exactly the same. Only tonics will be different.

Deception, nikerta is no easier than on the piano. The piano is immediately understandable, but here you need to think more.

Watching which side to look at. If playing the scales on the piano seems easier for you, then you can’t argue. So it is.

Convenience and simplicity are emphasized in the article by remembering the boxes. The fact is that if you know one of the boxes of the C major scale on the guitar, then rearrange this position 2 frets ahead and you will get the G major scale with the same fingering, rearrange the position 1 fret back and you get the C major scale .

The healing power of scales, sketches and exercises for guitarists

This article will be useful for beginner guitarists and their parents. Also for those who are just planning guitar lessons and are looking for where to start. This publication will help guitarists who are at a dead end and want to get out of it. Remember: guitar lessons love consistency and consistency. No need to try to overtake the program your guitar teacher recommends. Let time help you to master and consolidate all the necessary skills necessary for a guitarist. At the bottom of the article you can download studies and exercises for training.

Business Prologue

Today's consumer of goods and services has become very spoiled. Two main reasons I would like to highlight:

  1. Chasing a customer for quick results
  2. A huge number of offers quick results in the market from service providers

Want to lose weight fast? There is a secret tool! Want to pump up a beautiful body quickly? There is a unique technique! Need to learn English in a month? Come to us and in a month you will speak to any foreigner. I dealt with these issues in previous articles.

With increasing competition and extensive advertising in the market, it is becoming increasingly difficult to stand out among rivals in the craft. One of the oldest tricks of differentiation is the speed of the service performed. Taxis promise to bring you faster than other services, pizza will be delivered scorchingly hot, sushi will be brought super-fresh, apartment repairs will be completed in a week, etc. Many guitar schools and private music teachers also promise to quickly teach you how to play the guitar. And this speed is not always an indicator of quality. Or you will have to pay extra for this acceleration. Many of you probably saw the infographic below, where you need to select 2 points from three.

It is very good that people are aware that there are areas of knowledge where it is simply unrealistic to get fast results if you do not have ingenious abilities: playing the violin, studying molecular physics, running faster than Usain Bolt, etc.

Guitar students were divided into two camps:

  1. Those who want quick results
  2. Those who treat the guitar like any other musical instrument

People who belong to the first category are not looking for playing the guitar, but the speed effect of the classes. They need to learn as soon as possible to play the guitar in such a way that their listeners catch their breath with delight. For such purposes, the introduction to Deep Purple by Smoke on the water and other popular short riffs will do. As soon as such "guitarists" encounter the first difficulties (barre, complex chord sequences, speed passages), they often lose interest. Guitarists of this category flatly refuse to improve their technique with the help of necessary exercises. Many of them simply do not understand that warming up the muscles of the fingers is just as important as warming up the body in the gym before an hour's workout. The only reason for this protest: these your sketches are not spectacular. In other words, they cannot be boasted.

Representatives of the second category are ready for various guitar difficulties, because they understand that “fast”, “qualitatively” and “effectively” in guitar training are incompatible. To play Nirvana after a month of training in front of classmates who do not know how to play at all will be really cool and will most likely be greeted with applause. If you play the same piece in front of an audience of professional guitarists, then you will run into criticism. Especially if you boast too much of achievements. The melody “A Grasshopper Was Sitting in the Grass” on one string is very simple. But a guitarist with 10 years of experience will play it 10 times better than the first year. The difference will be in the dynamics of the right hand and the purity of the left.

Below I will give infographics specifically for beginner guitarists. It is clearly shown that the compounds with the word "fast" are not successful.

Remember: you do not overtake your physiological abilities. To master many guitar processes, time must pass after hundreds of hours of practice.

The baby should be born after 9 months. There is no “accelerated course for bearing babies.”

Learning a foreign language, for example, the English language, too, cannot be accelerated, because it is not in vain that people study in foreign languages ​​for 5 years or more. Just think: an English-language dictionary contains, on average, 600-1000 pages. How much time does a person need to read an art book of such a volume? And also remember. And also irregular verbs. And also times. And also the pronunciation. And many more of these “yet.” Here you need to increase the “language hours”.

Do all guitarists need to play scales, studies and exercises?

So, you enrolled in a music school in the guitar class and already learned 15 sketches of Karkassi, 17 scales and 12 exercises with your teacher, and your self-taught classmate has been playing electric guitar in the school rock band Metallica for the same time. How to be? Is life so unfair? It's early to grieve! Your ascent to the guitar Olympus is just beginning. Ask yourself two “How?” Questions:

  1. How do you play the above tunes?
  2. How does your friend play Metallica?

Believe me, James Hetfield and Kirk Hammett are in the top of the world guitarists for a reason. In other words, their it is insanely difficult to play qualitatively in the first year of study (in the 2nd, 3rd, 5th and 7th, in principle, too). А Маттео Каркасси был выдающимся гитаристом и педагогом, который писал произведения как для начинающих гитаристов, так и для профи, коим сам был. Ваша техника звукоизвлечения будет гораздо лучше, чем у того, другого. Он еще поймет, что двигать пальцы по ладам просто ради звука, как и скользить шахматными фигурами по доске лишь ради хода,неэффективно. И сядет в будущем за упражнения, гаммы и этюды. Все профессиональные гитаристы, которых я знаю и я сам, имеем в своем арсенале упражнения для любых стилей и направлений: одни на скорость, другие на динамику, третьи на координацию рук и т.д.Thanks to these exercises, we have reached a professional level and continue to use them in order not only to improve ourselves, but simply not to lose our skills in case of long breaks in playing the guitar. To make it clearer, I will explain with a sports example: a guy went to the gym for 5 years and pumped up his body, like a Greek god. Then the year did not go and began to grow fat. The same is with the guitar: many skills can be lost if you do not keep fit.

How often do you need to play exercises

Playing guitar sketches is not the ultimate goal. On a warm summer evening by the sea, the girl of your dreams is unlikely to be impressed by the sharp sharp minor harmonic scale. Even 16 notes. Even at the pace of Presto. The guitarist needs exercises for practicing blows: soft or sharp. To train the force of pressing the strings to frets: this force should be sufficient, not excessive or weak. To practice the dynamics quietly-loudly, loudly-quietly and alternating strong and weak beats. With scales and sketches you can develop speed well. It is important that you yourself understand what level you are at and how high you want to climb. Gammas, sketches and exercises - this is only a means for future heights of creativity. And this tool really works.

Materials for downloading (put Like to open download links):