It is not necessary to go to the store for delicious ripe fruits; they can be grown on the windowsill of your apartment. Lemons, oranges, tangerines grow well in our homes and give a good harvest.
If you do not have experience growing fruits at home, it is best to start with citrus fruits. They are very beautiful and it is much easier to get fruits from them than from pineapple or figs. In a couple of years, you will drink tea with lemon, the fruits of which you yourself have grown, or treat your friends with your own tangerines. In addition, indoor fruits taste better than ground and overseas, they have few seeds and the peel is not so thick than that of store citrus fruits.
How to grow a lemon
Do not throw seeds from an orange or lemon bought in a store, but put them in a pot. You will receive a viable plant, but they will have to wait from eight to ten years to harvest from them. If you do not want to wait so long, buy cuttings in the store. Consult with the seller to choose the kind of citrus plant for you that would grow without problems in the unusual conditions of a city apartment where there is dry air and lack of light. You can contact citrus growers via the Internet and purchase a stalk from them.
First put the stalk in a small container and cover it with clean, moist river sand. After a couple of months, you will notice that the cuttings are completely rooted and adapted to home conditions. Now you can transplant the plant, which has already given leaves and lateral buds, in good soil.
When growing lemon in an apartment, it should be remembered that in our apartments the humidity is only 20-25% due to the heated central heating batteries, and the plants come from the subtropics, where the humidity is always high. Therefore, the leaves of the plant evaporate so much water that the root system begins to malfunction and the loss of leaves begins. For the winter, you can try to cover the tree with a plastic bag, this will increase humidity. And you need to spray the plant with warm water at least once a week. And when the tree grows up, do it even more often. Such an artificial increase in humidity is simply necessary for citrus.
If the weather is not frosty, try to open the window more often so that moist air enters the apartment from the street. The soil in the pot should always be moist, but at the same time, excessive watering is also extremely harmful to the plant. If, however, the earth lump has dried up, put the pot with your lemon or tangerine in the water and let it get plenty of moisture, otherwise the dried up earth lump will be difficult to wet. For irrigation, it is advisable to use rainwater or melted snow.
In winter, the potted earth can freeze on the windowsill, and the plant itself can freeze after it. Carefully monitor this and do not allow the death of your tree. By the way, for a citrus a small pot is quite suitable; in a large pot, acidification of the soil is possible.
Lemon is very fond of sunlight, so put a pot with a tree on the sunny side of the apartment. At least 12 hours a day, the plant needs sunlight. But in winter there is little sun, so artificial lighting is required. In addition, the lighting is required to be uniform. Therefore, in the summer, for example, plant a plant in the northwestern part of the apartment, and in winter set on the southeast side.
In apartment conditions, such lemon varieties as Mir and Pavlovsky are usually grown. The world is very fond of light and will drop leaves in low light conditions. But the plant is characterized by vitality and many citrus growers receive 10-12 lemons from a bush. Pavlovsky has larger fruits and is great for growing on the windowsill.
How to grow pineapple
Meanwhile, growing such an exotic fruit like pineapple is even easier than citrus fruits. Pineapple is unpretentious, does not feel discomfort due to the dry air of apartments and does not require spraying. The fruit is not sick and is not affected by pests. And if you forget to water the plant, then it will tolerate it without any problems.
Growing pineapple at home can be started by cutting the green top with a small part of the fruit from the purchased fruit. Choose an unlit place and dry the future seedling there. The most convenient method of drying will be hanging on a rope with the leaves down and the cut up. After a week, the cut at the shoot will dry out and you will need to sprinkle it with charcoal. After choosing a small pot, prepare a mixture of land: birch sawdust and dust - 20%, peat - 20%, leafy land - 20%, turf land - 30% and coarse sand - 10%. Pre-bake this mixture in the oven. Broken brick or river sand will be excellent drainage.
To a depth of 3 cm, plant the prepared top, compact the soil and pour potassium permanganate. By covering with a glass jar or bag, you will maintain regular humidity. Pineapple loves high temperature (more than +25 degrees) and does not tolerate direct sunlight. But at the same time, the shadow is also contraindicated for him, use artificial lighting in winter.
After six weeks, the cuttings will root. Young leaves on the shoot will be the first sign of root formation. Your next step should be to buy a large pot and transplant there plants. Do not forget about fertilizing with mineral fertilizers.
The roots of the pineapple are shallow, so you need a wide dish, but not high. On the bottom of the pot you need to lay out the drainage layer and make several holes. To grow the pineapple faster, regularly remove the growth point at the apical outlet. Water in the summer moderately, in the winter it is weak.
It will take several years, and you will see the result: a personally grown pineapple fruit on the window sill of your apartment, and you will not regret that you planted the shoot of this exotic plant at one time.
Citrus fruits, which include lemon, mandarin, orange, grapefruit, etc., have a rich aroma, and you can experiment with them almost all year round. Seeds must be fresh. Planting them is quite simple: we wash the seeds and plant them in a moistened mixture of garden soil, peat and river sand or special soil for citrus fruits. It is best to immediately plant each bone in a separate pot or glass.
It is very important to provide the plants with adequate lighting, but protect them from the midday sun, as well as dry air. In addition, in winter it is necessary to contain citrus fruits at a temperature of 12-16 degrees.
You can even grow a palm tree from dried dates. Before planting, it is better to presoak it for several days. Put it in a mixture of peat and sand and do not forget to moisten from a spray bottle every 2 days. After about a month, the future palm should rise. Like citrus fruits, dates require a lot of light and a cool winter.
Seed to Citrus
Mandarin, orange and a hybrid of their clementine, lemon and lime, grapefruit, pomelo (sheddock) and their hybrid suite (oroblanco), mineral (a tangel variety - a hybrid of mandarin and grapefruit), kumquat (aka kinkan or fortunella), limequat (hybrid kumquat with lime), oranzhenate (a hybrid of kumquat with tangerine unshiu), calamondine (citrofortunella), etc. - Representatives of the genus Citrus are beautiful, fragrant, multifaceted and available for experiments almost all year round.
Representatives of the genus Citrus are beautiful, fragrant, multifaceted and available for experiments almost all year round.
Seeds selected for sowing should be as fresh as possible: without additional moisture, their germination rate drops every day.
General landing recommendations quite simple: rinse the seeds and put them in a well-moistened mixture of garden soil, peat and river sand (or in a special soil for citrus fruits). As soon as the sprouts have 1-2 real leaves, they need to be planted. And it is better to sow them immediately in separate pots or cups.
Citrus seeds are interesting in that you never know what will grow out of them: their seedlings, especially hybrids, usually do not retain varietal traits your parents. A wild bird will grow out of the citrus seed, and you will have to wait for your own harvest, perhaps about 10 years. Therefore, if your goal is to collect lemons or oranges directly from the windowsill, it is better to find cuttings of the desired varieties and plant your seedlings. This can be done one and a half years after planting.
If your goal is to collect lemons or oranges directly from the windowsill, it is better to find cuttings of the desired varieties and plant your seedlings
From the seeds of lemon, orange or grapefruit, excellent stocks grow - healthy, strong and originally adapted to home conditions. But kumquats, tangerines and different hybrids are more capricious and are not suitable for stocks: their root system is not so powerful.
Despite the generic “community”, citrus fruits behave differently when grown from seeds. Mandarins, for example, are “slow” in growth, but not so demanding on the composition of the soil. The first shoots of tangerine seeds can appear after 3-4 weeks. A kumquat planted at the same time will “think” for at least 2 months. Each citrus has its own timing of flowering and fruiting. But they have enough common enemies: dry air, spider mites, scale insects, aphids, etc.
The most popular "supplier" of material for citrus experiments was and remains lemon. You can learn about personal experience in growing lemons from seeds from this article.
Lemon on the windowsill
And the general rules for caring for a home citrus garden are outlined in the article Tame a bright fruit.
Persimmon from the stone
Diospyros, or persimmon, is a “divine” fruit from the Ebony family, which is rarely seen on window sills. Meanwhile, it is also quite realistic to grow it out of the bone. It is done like this:
- The washed and slightly dried persimmon seeds are planted in moistened soil, covered with a film, glass or a piece of plastic bottle and put in a warm place,
- “Greenhouse” is periodically removed, aired and moistened,
- As soon as the shoots appear, the shelter can be removed.
Wait for seedlings for long: just a couple of weeks. But if during this time you did not see them, then they are unlikely to appear at all. However, persimmon germination is not bad. For example, of the three sunflower seeds that I planted on 11/23/14, two rose safely. Here is one of the sprouts today:
Persimmon seedling 2 months after planting. Photo: herbivicus
And here's a funny time lapse about how this happens:
I, too, two plants at first coexisted quietly in one pot. But then the leaves began to turn yellow, so the seedlings had to be urgently planted. At first, transshipment will be required more than once or twice, as persimmon has a powerful root system that develops rapidly and requires free space. And moisture. Persimmons need regular watering and spraying. Therefore, we carefully monitor the soil, not allowing either overdrying or overflow.
Experienced persimmons are advised to feed the plant twice a month with fertilizers (mineral and organic alternately). As soon as the "tree" grows to 20-30 cm, you can begin to shape it with a pinch. In summer, it is better to bring persimmons to the street or to the balcony, gradually accustoming to the sun. But the wintering she needs to provide a cool (+5. +10 ° C): for example, in the basement. If a tree lives at home from November to March, sooner or later it will die.
In indoor conditions, persimmon grows to only one and a half meters. If a tree is grafted (with a cuttings in a split in winter or a bud at the end of summer), then it can produce fruits after 3-4 years. Otherwise, the harvest will have to wait as much (and not the fact that it will be).
Read more about the types and varieties of persimmons, as well as how to care for her and where you can get hold of the material for planting and vaccination, read here.
Dried fruit date palm
I always loved dried dates, but last year these guys surprised me: I didn’t know that something could grow out of them.
From the seeds of the date you can grow a palm tree
It turns out how! Dates on drying not heat treated. So, their seeds do not lose germination. And from them you can try to grow a palm tree. Only the bones are better to pre-soak. Although this is not necessary if the product is fresh, i.e. came from our homeland to our shelves recently. But just in case, I was safe and soaked date bones for about a week, changing the water every day. True, she didn’t begin to scarify and did not suit other dances with a tambourine. I stuck them vertically into a mixture of peat and sand and moistened them from a spray bottle in a day or two as needed. About a month later, my future palm trees rose:
And here is how they grew up in a month:
Date palms 2 months after planting
It’s too early to think about the crop) Although no one will forbid us to dream, in the best case, such a miracle in feathers will grow from a date “feather”:
Date palm. Photo from the site dachnicam.ru
This is provided that she has enough light and space, and I have patience. And the evidence that she is able to bear fruit at room conditions, alas, has not yet come across to me.
Date palm care consists in regular watering (without drying out an earthen coma, and in winter watering is minimized) and spraying, airing, providing sufficient light and conditions for a cool wintering. In addition, in the first "five-year period" the plant needs annual transshipment into a larger pot. But how cool it is, probably, to sit in the evening under a palm tree to drink tea!
Huge bones are hiding in the fruits of this major Indian guest. "Mango" even translates from Sanskrit as "great fruit." Its seeds are extracted from ripe fruits, open, take out the core and germinate in a light and loose substrate (suitable soil for cacti or succulents). Expanded clay drainage is placed at the bottom of the pot - as, however, in all other cases.
The middle of an already opened bone is planted immediately. The undisclosed is carefully opened (if she is ready for this) - as in this video:
If it is not possible to push the shutters effortlessly, the bone is preliminarily held for a couple of weeks right in the water (the water is changed every other day) or wrapped in moist cotton wool / towel. It’s extremely important prevent drying out. After the emergence of seedlings, they will have to be sprayed regularly: mangoes are sensitive to air humidity, as well as to light and heat. It can not stand the cold at all, and even at + 18 ° C it starts to feel uncomfortable. Well, if everything suits him, soon something like that will grow up with you.
When deciding to grow mangoes from seed, be prepared for the fact that you will have to wait for flowering at best for about 5, or even 10. However, this does not mean at all that the business will end in fruits: the flowers of this exotic guest are very difficult to pollinate even in natural conditions what can we say about the windowsill in foreign latitudes.
In the case of feijoa (which is also called ankka and belongs to the Mirtov family, which in translation into the language of gardeners means some difficulties with wintering), the situation is approximately the same as with citrus fruits: varietal traits are almost not preserved during seed propagation, which means seedlings will have to be vaccinated. If this does not stop you, keep in mind that seeds for planting should be taken from a ripe and soft fruit (it ripens perfectly in a warm place). Small seeds should be washed carefully from the pulp and dried. Sowing should be done superficially, without deepening (you can mix bones with sand).
If the seeds have enough light, heat and humidity, they will germinate in about a month. In the first months, Akka seedlings develop rapidly, so they need a pick and transshipment, and then pinching to form a compact crown.
Fig tree (figs)
Seeds of figs (figs, or ficus caricos) for planting are "extracted" in the same way as from feijoa: they must be carefully washed, dried and sown surface-wise in moist moist soil. Then lightly “dust” with sand, cover with foil and find a warmer place for them. They emerge after about 3 weeks, all this time they need to be regularly moistened and ventilated.
Sometimes fruiting has difficulties, but some gardeners manage to get
fig fruits are already from three to four year old seedlings.
Passion Fruit (passionflower)
Passion fruit, it’s passionflower, is actually a tropical liana from the Passionflower family.
Passion fruit, she is passionflower
The fruits of this evergreen beauty from South America are edible whole, including crispy seeds. However, if you plant them, there is a chance that you will grow a vine, and someday you will admire its luxurious flowering without leaving your home.
Just do not forget to provide her with bright light and fresh air, warmth, spaciousness, high humidity and "enhanced" nutrition.
According to legend, one Chinese emperor ordered the execution of his gardeners because they could not grow this sugary miracle.
Has it not been since then that lychee is considered one of the most problematic candidates for growing from seed at home? But this is true if only because the “Chinese plum" is one of those rare plants that needs mycorrhiza. The rest is a very nice creature with narrow pinkish leaves.
In order to grow such a pretty guy out of a grain, it’s easier to immediately go to Africa, Asia or South America and pick up the fruits of a coffee tree there. Семена, заказанные в интернет-магазине, прорастить вряд ли удастся: они очень быстро утрачивают всхожесть (говорю это по своему печальному опыту, вполне возможно, что я не права, и вам повезет больше).In loose, slightly acidic soil and greenhouse conditions with good lighting, a coffee bean will eventually turn into a wonderful tree.
What else can be grown from seed? A lot of things, there would be materials and a place for an experimentarium! For example, our colleagues successfully grow kiwi, medlar and even pepino from the seeds. And soon you will find out what happens if you plant avocado seeds and pomegranate.
You can choose the seeds of indoor fruit plants on our market, where the offers of the largest online stores are collected. The cultures described in this article are dedicated to a separate selection. See a selection of exotic fruits that can be grown from seeds.