Useful Tips

The practical use of frets, scales and other scale


If there is a concert on the nose and you forgot to write a solo - not everything is lost if you know how to improvise a high-quality solo. In fact, it is very easy if you know the basics of musical theory, such as: the structure of major / minor / blues scales, how certain notes change the sound of the main chord or even know how the notes form chords.

This lesson will introduce you to scales, as a framework for building your own improvised guitar solos.

Why do we need these frets at all?

They are based on the improvisation of solo songs on the guitar and other musical instruments.
For this, not the entire scale of the fret is used, but part of it (the whole is complicated).
We are talking about the Ionian, Dorian, etc. frets, harmonic, pentatonic.

Solo can also be built on the arpeggio of triads, singing chord tones, pentatonic.

Example 1 (the easiest option, standard):

The chords of the key in A minor Am Dm E Am can be played like this:
Beat everything with a natural A minor, and the E chord with a harmonious A minor.

That is, like this: for all chords except E, we play la-si-do-re-mi-fa-sol,
and on E - la-si-do-re-mi-fa-sol #.

We beat each chord of Am F C E melody in a separate way

  • Am - Aeolian with La tonic (A-minor),
  • F - Lydian from the Fa,
  • C - Ionian from To (C major),
  • E - Phrygian from Mi.

Frets, see the risk on the right >>>

Example 3 (jazz):

We beat each chord of Am F C E7 melody in a separate way

  • Am - Dorian from La,
  • F - Lydian from the Fa,
  • C - Lydian from To,
  • E7 - Mixolidian from Mi.
The use in jazz style on top of minor chords of the Dorian fret, major Lydian, and the dominant mixolidian is a kind of standards.

Example 4 (metal):

In metal, the Phrygian fret often lays in all the chords of a song.

That is, on top of the A5 F5 G5 A5 (see tabs for chords, about five chords, power chords), you can play the La Phrygian lead (with the La A-Hb-C-D-E-F-G tonic).

Another option is to play your (A, F, G) Phrygian fret for each chord.

Many contemporary works are written with the fifths A5 G5 A5 G5 F5 G5 A5.
Fives, as you know, do not belong to major or minor chords. They do not have a median (3 steps), only tonic and dominant.

However, for example, G5 A5 H5 is similar to G A Hm if H (Cu) is the tonic (minor).

That is, it is necessary to check what each chord gravitates to, to major or minor.

Example 7 (just gamma):

Pay attention to the fact that the solo of the popular “Oi-yo” song “Chayf” is built within the framework of a simple range


If you play the scale from the note "Do" (6 string, 8 fret), then this is the key "C major".
If from the note “A” (4 string, 5 fret), then this is the key “A minor”, ​​parallel to the key “C major”. The notes are the same.

Pentatonics of the keys “C major” and “A-minor” (their notes coincide) - the second box:

Pentatonics were examined in lessons 8 and 9.

and here are the solo tabs: Sheet music (6 pcs.) Solo within the framework of the scale and 4 of them are included in the pentatonic scale:

  • 2 string: 8 frets - G,
  • 3 string: 7, 9, 10 frets - D, E, F,
  • 4 string: 9, 10 frets - H, C.


The major gamut is reduced by a semitone in the VI and VII steps only with a downward movement.

  • In C major it is B-flat and a-flat.
  • In G major, F-sharp and E-flat are canceled.
  • In F major in E flat and D flat.

When ascending does not differ from natural.

The minor gamma increases by semitones in the VI and VII steps only when moving up.

When descending does not differ from natural.