Sassafras - a perennial tree of the Lavrov family - Lauraceae. The tree is pretty tall. It grows up to 30 m in height. The leaves of the plant are very unusual - alternating, initially hairy on both sides, soft grassy, and a little later become gray-silky only on the underside. In general, the leaves are bare, dense, dark green in color, although the inside of the leaves can sometimes be quite light.
The plant blooms with small flowers of yellow or green in April and May. The flowers are predominantly same-sex, collected in small flaps.
Fruits sassafras with berries of a dark blue color, ovoid shape. The fruit is located in a red cup-shaped perianth. Perianth consists of 6 spike flowers.
Sassafras is distributed in North America, here it is also known as saffron tree or dill tree.
In pharmacology, root wood is used - Sassafras lignum. Essential oils are also extracted from bark and wood, which have found their application in many fields and industries.
For the preparation of medicinal raw materials, the sassafras root is dug up, cleaned and ground, it is advisable to harvest the raw materials in the fall, it is at this time of year that the root is most saturated with healing substances.
The beneficial and healing properties of sassafras
In chemical composition Sassafras root bark includes such significant active ingredients as volatile oil, resin, wax, camphor, proteins, starch, rubber, lignin, tannic acid, as well as salts and decomposition products of tannic acid.
Variable oil has analgesic and antiseptic properties.
The use of sassafras in traditional medicine
In the form of hot infusions and teas, sassafras is used for diseases such as rheumatism, arthritis, gout. Outwardly, in the form of poultices and compresses, sassafras was used for irritation and inflammation of the skin, namely eczema, acne, skin ulcers, varicose ulcers. Infusion can be used as an anticonvulsant. Effectively means for washing the eyes with inflammation. Sassafras oil is used for toothache.
The use of tea based on root bark has long been popular as a tonic and blood purifier.
In general collections it was used mainly for aroma.
A single use is effective in reducing gas in case of fever or colic.
The regular use of plants and preparations based on it is active in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
In cooking, sassafras is used to stimulate appetite, stimulate the activity of the stomach and intestines, as well as the digestive glands.
To date, the use of sassafras for medical purposes is not popular, but sometimes it can be part of blood-purifying teas.
The pharmacy name may seem more familiar to you - this is red sandalwood - Santali lignum rubri.
Sandalwood Pterocarpus Is a perennial evergreen tree, the legume family is FABACEAE. In pharmacology and other industries, mainly used purified wood.
Types of Herbal Tea
There are several types of herbal tea:
- Fitosbor. Tea, which consists of a mixture of herbs of different types. They are united by the same properties and taste. Harvesting herbs can be mixed with classic teas, you can brew them separately.
- Blended tea. This tea is based on black or green tea. A larger amount is traditional tea, a little herb is added to it. An example is black tea with thyme or green tea with lemon balm or mint.
- Monochai. This type of tea is brewed from one type of plant. This can be a decoction of chamomile, linden tea, mint drink.
Sivets meadow - a perennial herbaceous plant of the Family Teasel - Dipsacaceae. The plant has a short, thick rhizome with numerous accessory roots. The stem of the grass is slightly pubescent, grows in height 30-50 cm, at the top it can be weakly branched. The leaves are elliptical round in shape, collected in a rosette. Stem leaves are opposite. Civets meadow blooms in July-September, with small blue flowers, sometimes white and pink are found. Flowers gather at the top of the plant in a spherical inflorescence.
Herbal Tea Tips
When purchasing herbal tea in a regular store, you need to carefully read the information on the package. Many of these teas are unnatural; they contain flavors that are unlikely to be beneficial. It is better to choose tea from herbs that are collected in ecologically clean areas. The packaging must indicate the place of collection and packaging.
The shelf life of such tea should be observed. It should not exceed 18 months. After the expiration date, tea does not harm, but its taste changes, useful properties disappear.
Pink rose or Mallow
Pink rose or Mallow - herbaceous perennial plant of the family Malvaceae - Malvaceae.
In pharmacology, stem-rose flowers are used - Malvae arboreae flos. The stem rose is a strong plant. The stem of the stem rose is stiff. It grows up to 250 cm in height. The leaves have a heart-shaped base, rounded in shape, with strongly protruding veins. The plant blooms from mid-summer (July) to late autumn. The flowers of the plant are quite large, reaching a diameter of 5-7 cm. The flowers are located in the axils of the leaves on very short pedicels and form a spike-shaped inflorescence. Flowers of the most different colors: purple, lilac, pink, yellow, white.
Useful properties of herbal teas
Each medicinal plant has its own beneficial properties, each phytosborry affects the body in different ways. But the common beneficial properties of herbal teas are:
- They have a calming effect on the nervous system.
- Quench thirst well.
- Help with weight loss while following a diet.
- Saturates the body with useful trace elements.
Rue - perennial herbaceous plant, sometimes a shrub. The trunk of the plant is rounded and rather rigid, highly branched. The bark is gray-green in color with a strong peculiar, rather unpleasant smell. The leaves of the fragrant rue are unpaired, rather large - up to 15 cm in length, mainly triangular in shape. The leaf fractions are double-pinnate. The plant blooms throughout the summer with umbrella inflorescences. Ruta flowers have 4-5 petals, greenish or yellow in the shape of spoons.
Contraindications of herbal teas
- Herbal teas can also be harmful. With self-collection of herbs, you need to be well versed in medicinal plants to avoid poisoning.
- Any grass can cause an allergic reaction.
- Phyto-collection can not be taken for a long time and without consulting a certified specialist.
Rules for brewing herbal tea
When brewing herbal infusion, certain rules must be observed. Instructions are printed on packs with herbal preparations, you can stick to it to get the maximum result. Another thing, when it comes to self-made herbal collection. From medicinal plants, you can prepare a healing infusion, broth and tea.
10 g of dried raw materials (collecting herbs or one plant) is poured into enameled dishes. Pour 200 ml of hot water, close the lid. Heat the mixture in a water bath for 15 minutes, then cool for 45 minutes. The infusion is filtered, the raw materials are squeezed out, boiled water is added to restore the volume to 200 ml.
Making Herbal Tea
When preparing herbal tea, you can use your favorite tea (green, white or black). It can be brewed according to the classical recipe; when brewing, add to the mixture a spoonful of herbs, several sprigs of mint, lemon balm, chamomile flowers or thyme sprigs. The drink can be infused for about 10 minutes.
How to drink herbal tea
When treating various ailments with herbal tea, it is necessary to strictly observe the dosage, the time of admission, take tea courses, taking breaks. Some herbal teas can be drunk as a preventative measure. In any case, it is recommended to consult with a phytotherapist or attending physician, who can prescribe a dosage. In most cases, the dose should not exceed three glasses per day.
Cinchona - tropical tree of the Marenovy family - Rubiaceae. In pharmacology, the most common use of the quinine tree bark is Cinchonae succirubrae cortex.
The homeland of the hindu tree is South America, namely the Andes Valley. Today, the plant is actively cultivated on the island of Java, as well as in India and Congo. According to external data, the quinar tree has a rather attractive shape: at a height of approximately 30 meters, the tree has a slender trunk and a dense crown, spherical in shape, which are formed by fairly large petiolate leaves, egg-shaped. During flowering, the crown is decorated with bright scarlet flowers, which are collected in loose panicle-like inflorescences.
Pantry of nature
Many plants found in summer cottages, in the forest and in meadows possess medicinal properties. Even the most inveterate city dwellers at least once drank tea with mint, chamomile, rosehip or lemon balm. However, they are not limited to the supply of fragrant and healthy plants in the natural pantry.
Herbs for tea are St. John's wort, valerian, thyme, nettle, sage, motherwort, lavender and others. Many of them are found in forests and meadows in the territory of our vast country. Some feel great in gardens and cottages. Recipes of herbal teas often include rosehips, hawthorn, raspberries, mountain ash, blackberries, currants, sea buckthorn. For aromatic drinks, chamomile flowers, linden and oregano are used. The leaves of such plants as strawberries, raspberries, currants, rose hips, mint, are also raw materials for medicinal collections. Even branches of some shrubs and trees (cherry, blackcurrant, raspberry, and so on) go into business.
For aroma, spices are often added to collections: cinnamon, cloves, ginger and even pepper. They enrich the taste and enhance the properties of the drink.
Dirty means harmful
Preparation of ingredients makes a significant contribution to the beneficial properties of the drink. There are certain rules for collection, drying and storage. Herbs for tea should grow away from sources of pollution: plants, roads, landfills. Harmful substances from air, water and soil very quickly become part of stems, leaves, flowers and fruits. That is why ready-made fees sold in pharmacies are little appreciated. As a rule, manufacturers cannot guarantee the purity of raw materials or their assurances cannot be verified.
Herbs for tea are harvested during their flowering period. At this time, aroma and nutrients reach their highest concentration. There are exceptions to this rule: some drinks require young shoots or buds.
Herbs, leaves and fruits are harvested in dry weather after dew. Plants do not need to be uprooted. Also, do not collect all the leaves and flowers to the last. A careful attitude will also allow us to find the necessary plants at this place next year.
Fruits should be picked only after their ripening. Leaves and flowers are harvested after they have fully blossomed.
Herbal tea may include fresh leaves and fruits. More often, however, the collection consists of dried ingredients. Herbs are placed in a well-ventilated area under a canopy. Plants containing essential oils (thyme, oregano and others) should be dried slowly at a temperature of about 30º. Mint, coltsfoot, tansy and other herbs with glucosides can be prepared using a dryer (optimal temperature range is 50-60º).
Rosehips, hawthorn, currants and mountain ash are high in vitamin C. They are best dried at 80-90º.
Flowers, leaves and herbs retain their beneficial properties and unusual aroma for no longer than two years. The roots and bark remain usable for three, and the fruits four years.
It is best to store the ingredients in paper bags or bags made of natural fabric. You can use for this and glass or ceramic jars. For convenience, containers are better equipped with stickers with the name of the herbs.
Herbal teas for every day: recipes
Fragrant and healing drink can be prepared from one type of plant or on the basis of the collection. The composition of the mixture must be selected based on the beneficial properties and taste characteristics of plants. As for the latter, you can choose the optimal collection for yourself by first tasting drinks based on only one ingredient. So you can feel the taste and find the desired combination.
It is better to learn about the healing properties of plants in advance, even before harvesting. Some herbs have contraindications. They need to be approached as carefully as to medicines.
In addition to herbs, roots and fruits, such drinks often include plain green or black tea without additives, as well as spices. In a word, fantasy is limited only by taste preferences, certain properties of plants and the body's tendency to allergies.
The herbal tea recipes below use one or more ingredients.
Linden flowers are a source of many beneficial substances. They contain vitamins (C and group B), many trace elements, glycosides, flavonoids, tannins and so on. Useful herbal teas can be prepared only on the basis of flowers or with the addition of traditional green and black tea leaves.
For a linden drink, take one tablespoon of dry grass and fill it with 400 ml of boiling water. The mixture is infused for 10-15 minutes. It is best to brew such tea in a ceramic bowl. To maintain the temperature, you need to cover it with a towel.
They drink linden tea with sugar or honey. It fights colds, has a calming, analgesic and antipyretic effect. According to many experts, this is the best herbal tea to normalize the menstrual cycle. It is also recommended for women over 45 to prevent unpleasant phenomena accompanying menopause. In this case, you need to drink it for a month every six months, one glass in the morning.
Fireweed, or Ivan-tea, is another plant that has many beneficial properties for the human body. It enhances immunity, calms the nervous system, removes harmful substances from the blood, has antipyretic and analgesic properties.
Before drying, willow-tea is left to stare in the sun for a short while. To do this, twist the leaves of the plant (they need to be turned between the palms of the hands) and put in a clay pot. Then they will need to be dried in the shade.
Finished leaves are poured with boiling water: one part of Ivan-tea has five parts of water. The mixture is infused and drunk with honey or sugar.
Chamomile, like mint, is known and familiar to many as an additive. In stores, you can often find ready-made green tea, herbal, with the flowers of this plant. This is not surprising: chamomile has a pleasant taste and aroma, and also has a calming effect. In addition, it has a choleretic, analgesic, diaphoretic and anti-inflammatory property. Studies by Japanese scientists have shown that chamomile can lower blood sugar in patients with diabetes. Such a multifunctional tool is definitely worth keeping at hand.
However, chamomile also has contraindications. You should not abuse such tea: in large doses, it can inhibit the nervous system and lead to a decrease in muscle tone.
Herbal tea recipes designed to enhance immunity most often include rose hips. It has large reserves of vitamin C, helps the body fight colds, and increases its protective functions. In addition, rose hips can accelerate tissue regeneration and bone fusion. Also, this miracle plant strengthens the vascular system and helps lower blood pressure.
For brewing, one part of the rose hip takes ten parts of water. Such tea must be infused for at least seven hours, so it is convenient to do this in a thermos and leave it overnight. Contraindications for dogrose are circulatory disorders, endocarditis, thrombophlebitis.
To it in multivitamin fees, if desired, add strawberries, black currants, mountain ash, sea buckthorn. You can use both the fruits and the leaves of these plants to prepare a medicinal decoction.
Cheer up all day
Tea, herbal tea or infusion to increase the tone of the body becomes especially relevant in the autumn-winter period, when the reduction in daylight has a depressing effect on the human nervous system. Such mixtures include coltsfoot, Ivan tea, calamus, valerian, calendula, dogrose, juniper, hawthorn, oregano, mountain ash, black currant and so on.
One of the options for tonic tea is prepared on the basis of rosemary. Sprig a spice or one teaspoon of dried leaves with a glass of boiling water. The mixture is infused for 10 minutes, then filtered. This tea is good to drink with honey. Напиток оказывает бодрящее и общеукрепляющее действие, но не рекомендуется во время беременности.
Сегодня существует огромное количество рецептов травяных чаев. Их полезные свойства не являются просто народным поверьем: они доказаны научно и с успехом используются в медицине. Составлять оптимальные сборы для себя можно и самостоятельно. Главное — помнить несколько моментов. Практически каждое растение имеет противопоказание, смеси лучше делать на основе ингредиентов с похожими свойствами. When making fees, you must also remember the taste of herbs. A bitter taste or mild aroma can be corrected with other herbs or additives: spices, sweeteners, and so on. Another nuance: the human body is characterized by the ability to get used to the effects of a product. Therefore, it is better not to drink the same tea all the time, but to periodically prepare different drinks so that its properties continue to have a beneficial effect on the body.
Sources and methods of obtaining
Sassafras essential oil obtained from dried bark, wood and fruits sassafras albidum or sassafras (Sassafras albidum, Sassafras officinale) Sassafras essential oil obtained from Brazilian sassafras or Chinese. Production method - steam distillation.
The oil yield, depending on the raw materials used, is 0.9-1.5%.
Sassafras oil has a dark yellow, tan or brown colorviscous consistency and woody, sweet the scent with characteristic odor safrole (similar to camphor) with notes of lemon, fennel and anise.
Structure: According to the place of production and sources of raw materials, several types of sassafras essential oil are distinguished - Brazilian sassafras oil, Chinese, American and others. Different types of it differ in chemical composition, which is not too complicated.
The main component of sassafras oil is safrole - up to 96%. The composition of sassafras essential oil also includes eugenol (0.5 - 1%), camphor (up to 7%), as well as several mono- and sesqui-terpene hydrocarbons.
Due to the high toxicity of safrole, which is the main chemical element of sassafras oil, the production of essential oil is prohibited in many countries, and the use is strictly controlled by the relevant authorities.
It is known that safrole when administered orally has a psychotropic effect on a person: even small doses of this substance can cause hallucinations. Therefore, safrol is used in clandestine laboratories for the production of ecstasy - a common drug MDMA. In addition, safrole has a carcinogenic effect.
Description of the etheronos
Family: laurel (Lauraceae).
Sassafras (lat. saxifragus “Breaking rocks”) - a deciduous tree reaching a height of 40 m and a trunk diameter of up to 1.5 m. Its name - “breaking rocks” - the tree acquired due to the ability of sprouts to break through the stones. The leaves are both whole and 2-7 lobed, dissected. Yellow-green flowers with five petals are collected in semi-umbrellas. Fruits of black and blue ovoid shape about 1 cm are formed on bright red stalks. Fruits a tree in late summer. The bark of the tree is porous, orange-brown.
All parts of the tree have a strong aroma that suppresses other vegetation in places of its growth.
Sassafras is home to eastern North America and eastern Asia. Cultivation sites are currently the coastal states of North America, China and Taiwan. The main producer of sassafras essential oil until 1958 was the United States. However, due to suspected high carcinogenicity of safrole, its use was banned in the food industry and production was significantly reduced.
Canada and Mexico also produce sassafras essential oils. However, Brazil and China are the leading manufacturers of sassafras essential oils. The main markets for the consumption of sassafras oil are Japan, the USA, France and Spain.
For decorative purposes, sassafras trees are grown in European parks and in some southern regions of Russia, Abkhazia, and Georgia.
Native Americans used sassafras as a medicine, disinfectant, and aroma. The Indians considered it a "sacred tree" because of its therapeutic properties. Various parts of the tree were used for colds, fever, inflammation of the eyes, high blood pressure, to treat arthritis, gout, rheumatism and bad skin.
Locals used sassafras to make root beer (rootbier). The roots and bark of the tree are still used to make tea, the leaves are used in soups and sauces (dried leaves are a spice).
Sassafras was brought to Europe by the Spaniards, who first met the fragrant tree in Mexico in the 16th century. A little later, cuttings of sassafras tree were brought to England, where they began to grow it in greenhouses. Soon they began to receive essential oil from it - Oleum ligni sassafras.
The great demand for sassafras oil in Europe, and then in the USA, was caused by the production of aromatic substance - heliotropin, which is widely used in cosmetic and perfumery compositions to give warm, spicy aromas, and also as a preservative. Sassafras bark is used to produce a bright yellow dye.
Sassafras essential oil was part of some antiviral drugs in official medicine. However, its use is currently very limited due to its high toxicity. European law prohibits the use of sassafras oil in foods and soft drinks in a concentration of more than 1 mg / kg, and in alcoholic beverages with a strength of more than 25 degrees - 5 mg / kg.
Despite the high toxicity of sassafros essential oil, its production is one of the most popular in the world among other essential oils. Most sassafras oil is used to isolate safrole, which is then used in production heliotropin - flavoring of the perfumery industry, and piperonalbutoxide (PBO) - an important component of insecticides.
Effects on the body
- effective smoking cure
- is a diuretic
- used for problems with the gastrointestinal tract (flatulence, constipation),
- in the treatment of gallstone disease,
- helps to eliminate toxins,
- stimulates blood circulation,
- relieves rheumatic pains
- has a relaxing and calming effect,
- lowers blood pressure
- strengthens the liver
- as an anesthetic for muscle pain gout, arthritis,
- to increase tone with physical weakness,
- with infectious diseases of the genitourinary system.
Methods of internal use of sassafras and safrass oil
The total intake of sassafras oil should not exceed 2 drops per day and seven consecutive days! Exceeding the indicated dosage can lead to impaired liver and kidney function!
To quit smoking: 1-2 drops of oil per glass of herbal tea - drink every day on an empty stomach, no more than 3 times a week.
To fight a viral infection apply the same tea for no more than one week.
Elimination of toxins (diuretic tea): 1 tbsp. spoon of dry sassafras roots pour 1 liter of boiling water and boil for 20 minutes. Cool, dilute with 1 liter of boiled water, add sugar to taste.
Methods for the external use of sassafras oil
Against lice (from head lice): add 1-2 drops of oil to the shampoo and wash your hair 1 time per week for a month.
For rheumatic pains: 1-2 drops of essential oil per 50 ml of massage cream - rub into joints for 1-1.5 months.
Baths for joint pain, gout, arthritis, hypertension: Dissolve 2-3 drops of oil in 100 g of emulsifier (bath salt, foam) and pour into the bath.
With skin rashes on the body: body massage with 1-2 drops of essential oil mixed with massage or healing cream.
When pigmentation: lubricate the pigmented skin with cream with 1 drop of oil.
Compresses for the treatment of wounds, acne, insect bites: 1-2 drops dissolved in 0.5 cups of base oil, moisten a napkin and apply to the problem area.
Steam bath with acne and unclean skin: 1-2 drops per glass of hot water.
The main use of sassafras essential oil is as a perfume in the manufacture of perfumes in perfumes and soaps.
It is used to flavor tobacco.
Sassafras oil is used as an insecticide in agriculture, as well as to repel mosquitoes.
Included in some cleaning products (floor waxes, cleaners and detergents).
Sassafras essential oil has a high level of toxicity!
Do not use during pregnancy and lactation!
It is not recommended for use in home aromatherapy (if used improperly, it can be fatal)!