Useful Tips

Salmon fishing: where and when to catch, overview of lures and tackle


Have to seriously approach the selection of a suitable rod. Usually, it should be 3 meters long, withstanding fish up to 10 kg. Such products can be purchased from the Japanese company Daiwa or other European firms. But you can’t do with one rod!

To catch salmon, you need to pick up a reliable reel from the same companies and a good fishing boat. You can fish from the shore, but it will take much more time than fishing from a boat. For example, a Honda boat will surely serve for trolling.

As noted earlier, salmon is famous for its strength. Have to stock up on a lot of fishing line. The best option would be a fishing line with a length of 150 m. Before you start the "hunt" for strong fish, you need to once again inspect all your equipment. Rough salmon tackle will not work.

Fish habitat

Salmon can be seen in the sea or on the lake. On the river, fish appears exclusively during breeding. After it reaches an age of 4-6 years, it tends to rivers with a fast flow. In such places, salmon are found year-round: one species is in summer and autumn, the other is in autumn and spring. Usually, they live in shallow water bodies.

What time is it worth starting salmon fishing?

Weather foreshadowing rain and slow waves on the river are the most favorable conditions for this fish. Good results can be achieved in spring or summer. That's when fish of different weights (up to 20 kg) come across. From June to November, this individual fish in large numbers live in rivers. Why is it only at this time that there is a lot of fish in the ponds?

It's simple: spawning in salmon begins when the water temperature does not exceed the mark of 7 degrees, and this is typical only for the period from June to November. At such a time, fishing can contribute to bait, as the fish will depend on a large amount of food. A young predator prefers to eat insects, while an adult uses smaller crayfish and fish.

What can you catch salmon for?

  • On a Blue Fox spinner with special colors for salmon fishing.
  • On a wobbler in sizes of 9, 11 and 7 cm.
  • On Swedish or Finnish baubles, weighing 15-40 g.
  • Spinning, as a means for fishing.

A variety of bait can help in spinning fishing. For salmon, “defiant” baits with a bright color are suitable so that the fish, without hesitation for a minute, immediately rushes to the bait. In order to attract such attention of a predator, it is necessary to have certain fishing skills, correctly “swing” the bait to create such an effect as if it really is live food. Artificial bait should not be subjected to rapid fluctuations, as the predator responds only to the slow movement that occurs near them, at a small distance from the bottom.

Which spinner is worth using?

The lure suitable for fishing should touch the bottom when it is abandoned for the first time. In addition, it is worthwhile to purchase a teeter. No need to pay attention to the spinners of small sizes, as this will not affect the salmon fishing, on the contrary, such a purchase will only deprive you of money.

For such fish, the spinner from the manufacturer Kuusamo is most suitable. It is also well suited for grayling, trout and many other species. But, nevertheless, high productivity can be obtained only when fishing for salmon. Kuusamo spinners include:

  1. Hauki
  2. Professor
  3. Suomi
  4. Taimen (taimen).
  5. findings

So, summing up the above, we can confidently say that catching salmon is a great joy for any fisherman. But for this you need to make a lot of effort and funds designed to acquire the necessary devices. Observing all the rules, you will have a great chance to catch this predator.

Salmon Fishing Tackle

For hunting salmon you will need a reliable fishing rod with a quick formation, 2-3 m long (for example, models from Daiwa, G. Loomis, Talon, Major Craft, Fenwick, St. Croix will be excellent options). Spinning should work out the game of baits well, as well as provide the desired casting distance.

Since salmon spinning fishing will most often occur on small rivers on wobblers, it is better to use spinning rods from 2 to 2.5 meters long.

Rating of the top 5 salmon and pike spinning rods

  1. Daiwa Exceler-AR - (4000 p.)
  2. MIKADO NIHONTO MH TELESPIN 240 - (2500 p.)
  3. Black Hole> 7500 r. )
  4. St. Croix AV> 6000 p. )
  5. Major Craft RIZER - (13000 p.)

Optimum in terms of price / quality ratio, we call spinning St. Croix AVID, its main parameters: 2-4 lb., 1 / 32-3 / 16 oz., Build fast. Particularly suitable for jig, for twitching it is better to choose shorter spinning rods.

The rod should be designed to use baits weighing from 10 to 40 g and have a margin of safety to withstand 10-pound red fish.

Choose a powerful reel inertialess or multiplier.

The inertia should be at least 3000 in size, since the fishing line should fit a lot, then the volume of the spool should be appropriate, with a diameter of 0.30.

Also, the reel must be equipped with a reliable clutch to quickly respond to jerking fish. In general, a cheap reel is not suitable for large salmon, since it will break very quickly, choose models from Daiwa, Shimano, Ryoby, from the middle price segment, believe me, a high-quality reel will come out more profitable in the future.

Example coils: Ryobi Excia MX, Daiwa Revros MX, Daiwa Exist, Shimano Elf, Shimano Twin Power.

You should also grab a few skeins of fishing line or braid. The diameter of the monofilament is 0.28-0.35 mm, the braid is 0.12-0.22 mm.

But braided fishing line should be used only in combination with a flexible rod, which will reduce the possibility of gathering. It is preferable to use a monofork, although the game of wobblers will be better on a wicker.

Salmon is an extremely strong fish. It is worth taking care of a sufficient supply of fishing line, because this fish is capable of throwing at 50-70 m.

Therefore, the optimal length of the fishing line on the reel is about 150 m.

Before starting fishing, you should once again check all the fasteners and carabiners, rings and tees.

Where salmon is caught

Salmon belong to the category of migratory fish that live in the sea or lakes, and rise into rivers only for breeding purposes.

In most cases, all species of salmon after reaching 4-6 years enter very fast rivers with rapids and often rise upstream for hundreds of kilometers.

The periods of salmon entry into rivers are not the same: salmon of the so-called “spring” form enter in summer and early autumn before spawning, while adherents of the “winter” form enter either in late autumn or early spring, and stay there for an average of about a year before spawning .

In the period before salmon spawning, small fast places of water bodies with a rocky or sandy-pebble bottom surface are chosen as sites in rivers.

When to catch salmon

Experience shows that the best natural conditions for trolling salmon fishing are cloudy weather and the presence of a small wave.

Fishing will be especially effective during the early spring or at the beginning of the summer season. At this time, there are specimens of different weights - from 4 to 20 kg. From the second half of June to the beginning of November, salmon are caught more often in rivers than in lakes.

Salmon spawning, mainly at a water temperature of not more than 6-7 degrees. These are, first of all, indicators of the period from the second half of September to mid-November.

For spawning, salmon prefer running water, and with the aim of feeding choose areas of still water in which there is enough food.

Young individuals feed mainly on different insects and small aquatic invertebrates, while adult salmon also do not refuse crustaceans and small fish.

Methods for catching river salmon

So, in order to catch wild salmon, you should first determine whether fishing will happen by spinning or fly fishing. The spinning method is considered to be the most effective, therefore we will proceed from this constant. The length of the rod for the most spectacular fishing should be from 2.6 to 3 meters, but it depends on the preferences of the fisherman. It’s just worth remembering that you don’t need to move a fishing rod much, so you should not reduce weight.

The main thing in choosing a rod here is the system. The best is considered average. We must remember that salmon fights to the last, so it will take a long time to tire. Usually a salmon bite ends with a powerful jerk and ragged fishing line, this is a common picture of actions. Here, multiplier reels come to the rescue, because they are highly reliable. Do not use braided fishing line, it will not withstand salmon.

Salmon fishing occurs both from the boat and from the shore, so you should take care of the landing net. Most salmon caught are released back into the river, so it is imperative not to damage the fish too much. Modern sweeps avoid this. The Finns use the most effective bait in salmon fishing, so it’s worth adopting their experience. They use handmade wobblers. These wobblers differ in a special shape - a shoulder blade, usually quite thick, with a length of 6 to 8 cm.

Salmon is always ready to take the bait, if it is served correctly, aiming at the bottom, which is strange, because salmon does not a priori feed in the river.

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What gear do salmon catch?

Salmon are caught with well-known tackles such as fly fishing, spinning and float fishing rods. Regardless of the fishing tool, you should choose reliable and powerful gear. The fact is that salmon can be impressive in size. They can grow in length up to 2 meters and have a weight of about 70 kg. At the same time, salmon is a very strong fish and it is very difficult to cope with it without any experience. He has an impressive supply of energy, which helps him overcome huge distances against the current. Therefore, the fight remains serious.

Spinning Salmon

Spinning is one of the most versatile gears, and it is also quite easy to handle. In any case, it is better to start fishing for salmon with a spinning rod and only then move on to more complex gear, such as fly fishing.

For spinning fishing, in not large rivers, a regular spinning rod, 1.8-2.4 meters long, having a hard system and a test of 10 to 40 grams is suitable. Quite often, for fishing salmon, fishing rods with access rings of increased diameter (up to 40 mm) are used. This makes it possible to far cast light lures, as well as to equip tackle with a thicker fishing line. If you plan to fish on a large river, where larger individuals are found, then it is better to give preference to two-handed spinning, 2.4-3 meters long. All elements of gear should be selected taking into account the intended catch. As a rule, spinning is completed with high-quality fishing line, which has a thickness of 0.3-0.4 mm. If really large individuals are caught, then you can opt for a fishing line with a thickness of 0.45 mm.

The choice of lures is very important, which depends on many factors, such as current speed, fishing depth, presence of wind, casting distance. In the presence of a moderate current, not large turntables or wobblers are selected, and in the presence of a large current, lures weighing 40-50 grams cannot be dispensed with.

Spinner is held directly at the bottom. Depending on the weight of the bait, the thickness of the fishing line should also be selected. At the same time, all elements of the bait must be of high quality, including swivels, carbines and winding rings. Therefore, hunting for salmon requires a rigorous approach to tackle equipment. Particular attention should be paid to the quality of the tees. If a cheap model is used, then you should protect yourself from fish gathering. To do this, very often experienced anglers change factory tees to, better, branded. When choosing a spinner, you should pay attention to its game: a spinning spinner should work at minimum wiring speeds, and oscillating spinners should not have a very sweeping game.

Salmon Fishing Technique

Having entered the river just before spawning, salmon refuses food, but at the same time, attacks baits of various origin. This is due to the fact that he, as it were, protects the spawning ground from uninvited guests, in the form of flies and spinners. Posting the spinners and flies are no different from each other, so they can be used both for spinning and fly fishing. On the diagram you can see how castings and wiring are carried out correctly. Moreover, the diagram shows one of the options. For example, salmon may be behind a stone while in a shelter where there is no current. To make the correct casting, it is necessary to take into account the speed of the current and the depth so that the bait passes in the immediate vicinity of the fish. Under the influence of the flow force, the spinner looks good against the current. Posting can be completed at a time when the spinning line or fly fishing line is aligned with the shore.

If there are no bites, then something is being done incorrectly, and the wiring diagram will have to be changed. In addition, you can think about replacing the bait itself, or change the speed of the wiring. Salmon reacts more to baits that move at a low speed. Salmon bite is somewhat similar to a hook. He can grab the lure and swim with her in the direction of her movement. Feeling something similar, you should immediately cut.

If a large specimen is caught on a hook, then you need to be prepared for a confrontation, and a serious one. Therefore, those who miscalculate gear reliability will quickly regret it. To take salmon, you need to tire it, but excess freedom can be expensive. Salmon can get tackle for some kind of shelter and cut it off. On the one hand, haste may turn out to be excessive, and on the other hand, the process should not be delayed either.

Fly Salmon

To catch salmon with fly fishing, you need appropriate gear. As a rule, it differs from the traditional types of gear that are used for fishing salmon and other types of fish. The choice of all elements of the tackle depends on the fishing conditions, as well as on the ability of a fly fishing man to use this gear. Both one-handed and two-handed types of fishing rods are used, with a length of 2.7 to 5 meters. In this case, you should always remember that this type of fishing involves frequent casting. In this regard, lighter rods should always be preferred. Otherwise, it will be difficult to enjoy the fishing process, but stretching the muscles of the hands is easy. In turn, the rod is selected under the cord, which has a 9-12 severity class.

Recently, our fishermen began to develop fly fishing. During casting, fly fishing can be held with one or two hands, sending the fly at a distance of 30-40 meters. In fly fishing, wet and dry casts are distinguished, depending on the type of bait used. "Wet" flies are intended for posting in the water column, and "dry" flies are used when fishing from the surface. Those and other flies imitate various insects. It should be noted that fly fishing is used for fishing and other fish. To be precise, almost all types of fish can be caught with fly fishing, with the exception of some predators, such as pike, pikeperch, catfish, and others, who prefer to live near-bottom.

The only drawback of this method of fishing is that it is necessary to conduct several casts as training. This tackle is not so easy to handle and, if you take it for the first time in your hands, fishing will not take place. It is very important to carry out accurate casts to places where fish are presumably located. Without preliminary training, such casting is not so simple. The fly fishing technique is based on several stages independent of each other: casting over the head to the desired point, hooking and fishing the fish. Despite the certain independence of the stages, they all make up a special kind of fishing.

Cutting salmon is a separate topic for conversation. Sometimes it captures the fly, accompanying the process with a surge. In this case, everything is clear and you can do a cut. And if there is no surge, but only a certain resistance is felt. In this case, the fish should be accompanied, pending its further action.

The fly fishing technique has been honed over the years. The effectiveness of fishing depends on many factors, including the choice of the fly, its size and its color. There are many types of flies, both “dry” and “wet”, as well as with and without wings. Flies for catching salmon can look like this:

What to catch salmon

  • Blue Fox spinners No. 2-6 with “salmon” colors: imitating (natural color) and provocative (bright models),
  • Wobblers of Rapala, with a length of 7, 9 and 11 cm. Optimum models are Jointed, Hucky and the renowned Shad Rap,
  • Swinging baubles weighing 15 to 40 g from manufacturers such as Swedish ABU, Finnish Kuusamo or French Mepps.

Salmon Spinner

Most often, when fishing for salmon, vibrating spinners of great weight and length are used, the indicators of which directly depend on the strength of the current, the width and depth of the reservoir.

It is generally accepted that the spinner on salmon should touch the bottom during the first cast across the course. Угол лески при этом по отношению ко дну равняется приблизительно 45 градусам.

В таких условиях и проводка будет привлекательной для хищника, и шанс зацепов уменьшиться.

Мы составили краткий список самых уловистых блесен на лосося. Большое внимание уделили лососевым блеснам от фирмы Kuusamo , которые показали свою высоку эффективность по ловле сёмги, горбуши, тайменя, хариуса, форели и даже щуки. Естественно, что этими блеснами без труда можно ловить и другие виды рыб, но время показало, что их призвание - ловля лосося.

Лучшие блесны на лосося

  1. Yo-Zuri Arqu >Kuusamo Hauki
  2. Kuusamo Lippa Rasanen
  3. Kuusamo Professor
  4. Kuusamo Suomi
  5. Kuusamo Taimen
  6. Kuusamo Taimen Super
  7. Rublex orkla

Lure Harness

The first cast is carried out across the river. As soon as the bait touches the bottom, you need to sharply raise the end of the spinning rod to slightly raise it, and make a series of quick turns of the reel in order to eliminate the slack.

Further, the fishing line is again etched, but again preventing slack, and a new moment is expected when the bait reaches the bottom. In 3-4 turns of the coil, the bait rises from

The direction of movement of the bait in relation to the direction of the fish throw determines the nature of the bite.

With a lateral bite, a sensation of a hook hook or a soft blow may be created, while at other angles a push occurs or the forest sags, then the winding stops, the rod is held at an acute angle of 30 degrees to the surface of the water.

Further, the course itself will blow the lure. A new cast should be done either a little further, or a little closer than the previous one.