Experienced anglers always experiment in terms of lures, but they also have their favorite attachments, which are always in the arsenal. These include the classic fishing genre - the worm. Our grandfathers and great-grandfathers fished for it, fans of the contemporaneity of modernity continue this glorious tradition. It is not difficult to dig up worms - there would be a shovel, the appropriate season and desire, but before each fishing, it is at least difficult to do. Therefore, it is important not only to dig up enough worms, but also to keep them in a lively, suitable for fishing, form.
This attachment is used for all methods of passive fishing: with a classic float fishing rod, bottom tackle and even a feeder. Representatives of the cyprinid family and the most notorious freshwater robbers like perch or small pike can flatter the greasy and appetizingly wriggling worm. However, for this it is important that it maintains mobility and presentation as long as possible. For this, it is necessary to ensure the proper conditions for his “temporary residence" both on the eve of fishing and during it.
Types of Fishing Worms
Despite the mass of personal items, worms belonging to the same family are used for fishing. The first one worth mentioning earthworm. It is called differently: rain, creep, leaf, and so on. In fact, this is one species - earthen, just the fishermen gave him a lot of names by location: in the ground, after rain on the surface of the soil or even asphalt, under pretty leaves.
Keeping the earthworm alive even for several days is not an easy task: it is very demanding on humidity, temperature, soil oxygen saturation. In the conditions of summer heat or winter frosts this task is even more complicated. If the conditions of detention are far from natural, the creep will quickly fall asleep, and then it will go bad.
Headman - Another species from the same family that has been successfully used in fishing. As the name implies, it can be found in dead manure, compost, rotting food waste. Mining it is, frankly, unappetizing, but what can’t you do for your favorite hobby!
A cop, in contrast to an earthen brother, is much more unpretentious and demanding on the conditions of detention, however, some principles must be known when dealing with this potential bait.
All earthen subspecies and dung beetle do not get along together: they require different conditions of detention. In addition, the dung beetle is able to poison the fellow earth with toxic secretions.
Types of worms and their features
These representatives of invertebrates are not diverse. Basically, anglers distinguish between two types of worms for fishing.
- Earth or rain.
Among the worms, fishing enthusiasts also distinguish creeps and leaves, but, in fact, they are the same earthworms, so it makes no sense to consider them as separate species.
An earthworm is found everywhere in the soil, but most often it can be found in moist, loose areas located in the shade, under heaps of pretty leaves (leaves), debris, and they can also be easily typed on tracks after rain (crawled out). Keeping it troublesome, it is demanding on humidity, temperature and enough oxygen. If the storage conditions are violated, it quickly becomes lethargic and dies.
Dung worms, as their name implies, can be found in manure, but sometimes they are found among rotting organics, such as food waste. These invertebrates are more unpretentious, last longer, and dung beetles are often preferable for fishing.
It is especially important to never store dung and earthworms together. They have different habitats, besides, dung worms secrete a liquid that is toxic to earthworms.
Worms should be stored in conditions as close as possible to the natural conditions of life, in addition, they are recommended to be fed from time to time.
You can do this in the following way.
A plastic bucket is taken, the larger the radius, the better. In the bottom of the bucket, it is necessary to make several holes, over the entire radius, not too many, but not small, about 2 ... 3 holes per square centimeter. Holes are also made in the side walls in increments of 5 ... 10 centimeters, in 3 ... 5 rows. Between the rows two centimeters. Holes can be made with an awl, heating it over a fire. The diameter of the holes in the bottom is about 1 millimeter, in the side walls no more than two. Holes are necessary for the drainage of excess moisture and aeration of the feed substrate. You can feed the worms with anything, but you need to remember that they are vegetarians. We shift the worms with their "native" substrate into a bucket, you can in the middle.
Now you need to cook food
Any humus (hay, straw, manure) is suitable for this. Humus is best to sort out and choose from it various inhabitants. For one part of humus, 0/1 parts of boiled potato peelings are taken, 1/4 part of crushed egg shells. You can add grated, to the state of flour, oatmeal or bran. This feed base is thoroughly mixed and laid in a bucket around the substrate with the worms.
You can also first lay out the prepared feed base, spill it with water to 70% humidity and then lay the worms on top, but always with the substrate that came with them. Also, do not forget that there are holes in the bottom of the bucket, so you need to substitute a container to drain excess water. The thickness of the laid feed base should be no more than 5 centimeters. The bucket must be removed in a warm and dark place where the temperature does not exceed 18 ... 20 degrees. An important point remains to monitor the humidity, the feed substrate should not dry. There is, of course, the risk that the worms do not take root in such a substrate, but it is not great.
The safety of the bait, in a living state, provided that the worms have taken root, will be quite long. In addition, another benefit is obtained. You can transport the bait to decent distances and are not afraid that the worms there will “weld” from the heat. There is enough space in the large bucket and they will simply leave for a cooler place. Thus, another important point is achieved, namely, that the worms do not grow smaller, and on the contrary, begin to grow.
What worms last longer
Not all types of worms are suitable for long-term storage at home. Dung worms and shamrocks can be stored for the longest time if they are provided with a comfortable living environment. Storage of earthworms creeping out, in turn, requires specific conditions, non-observance of which will lead to their rapid death.
Please note that you can not store different types of worms in one container. For example, dung worms secrete a liquid that is poisonous to other types of worms, but they can themselves be poisoned by the rotting remains of dead worms of another species.
How to Collect Crawling Worms
It must be remembered that light crawlers are more suitable for fishing, more dense and tenacious than their dark counterparts. It is best to collect earthworms after rain in the dark. A few hours after the rain, you can take the lantern and go out onto the dirt and even asphalt paths laid next to the ground, where the crawls after the rain will get out. Also, this type of worms is often selected in areas without high vegetation next to bushes and trees, where they are easy to notice. It must be remembered that crawlers do not like bright light, so it is better to take a flashlight of moderate power.
There are also some tricks. If no rains are planned in the near future, and fishing bait is needed, you can water a plot of land where worms can live, and they will certainly appear in the dark. You can also choose a place with greasy soil, put a damp rag or straw on it, then cover it with boards, and the worms themselves will creep out into a moist substrate. However, after collecting the worms, you must save.
Keeping Worms at Home
Often there is a need to save worms for a long time. This may be dictated by the inability to dig them before each fishing trip, or simply by a lucky combination of circumstances, which made it possible to collect more worms at a time than it leaves for one fishing trip. It is also often required to preserve worms throughout the winter.
Private house storage
Homeowners have a significant advantage when storing worms over residents of apartment buildings, because they have the ability to store worms in their area. For this option, the best way is to store the worms in the pit.
Storage in the pit is one of the best ways to store bait in the warm period, since it is as close as possible to the usual living conditions of the worms. To do this, dig a hole with a depth of about 50 centimeters and a diameter of just over half a meter. This space is enough for a comfortable stay of about two hundred worms. Next, you need to place a fine wire mesh on its bottom, and then pour soil into it. An ideal option would be the land from which the worms were taken, however, if this is not possible, any one will do.
This habitat option will be optimal, because moisture will flow through the grid, leveling the moisture level in the pit and the rest of the soil, but at the same time, the worms will not be able to crawl out of their peculiar aviary.
As food, you can add a small amount of tea leaves or coffee grounds to the pit and mix with soil. If storage is carried out in hot, dry weather, it is necessary to add water to the pit from time to time in order to prevent drying out of the soil and death of the bait.
After filling the pit, it will be best to cover it with a net on top to exclude the possibility of the worms to get out, and slightly sprinkle with earth. In the case of sufficient moisture and bait, the worms can be stored in this way for a long time, but approximately once a month it is worth changing the ground in the pit for fresh. If there is often no desire to change the land, you can proportionally increase its volume, which will allow its inhabitants to stay in it longer.
The previous method is optimal for storing worms in the warm season. However, during the onset of cold weather, it is necessary to find a place where a positive temperature will remain. In winter, the best way would be to store the worms in boxes. To implement this option, wooden boxes are required that do not have gaps. Their bottom and walls can be lined with wet gauze, after which they can be filled with soft soil, pretty leaves and other plant remains, and then placed in the ground of the worms. If creep storage is expected, a thick layer of grass must be added to the substrate, in which crawls will live a significant part of the time.
During long-term storage, it is necessary to maintain humidity in the boxes, as well as to feed the worms. As food, you can use the grind leftovers from the table, the main thing is that they do not have salt. They are added to the soil and mixed so that it is convenient for the worms to eat them.
There is another option for filler for boxes. The bottom of the boxes is laid out with moss, in which the worms are placed, a new layer of moss is placed on top. This method is considered more successful, but it has a significant minus - every week the moss must be changed or, at least, washed in running water. Also in the moss, you need to add a little honey with milk. This method allows you to find and remove from the colony weak and non-viable worms, which positively affects the health of the population. Also, worms aged in moss are considered more suitable for fishing - they become more dense and active. However, not every fisherman has the opportunity to change the moss in the boxes every week, sorting through the worms, which makes this method somewhat less attractive.
Regardless of the method chosen, long-term storage of worms must be carried out in a cool, humid place. For residents of private homes, the best option is the cellar, which maintains a microclimate comfortable for worms around the clock.
The most common way to store worms at home is the use of specially prepared containersfilled with nutrient substrate. A wooden box will be the ideal capacity, but for lack of it, you can use plastic or metal buckets and basins. In the latter case, it is necessary to say goodbye to the integrity of the container: holes must be made in it for air circulation. Worms need extensive living space, so the larger the container, the better.
The container must be filled with a nutrient substrate. The simplest option: this is loose soil (for dung beetles - food waste, manure) in half with fallen leaves. Peat, moss, hay, straw can also be used, as a neutralizer - chalk or eggshell. The resulting composition should be moistened - and residents can be populated. The capacity must be covered with something, otherwise you will collect creeps throughout the apartment. It is impossible to seal the "house": the residents will suffocate. You can pull a piece of cloth or gauze on top - it will be perfect.
Ideal storage temperature - 6-10 о С. You can use a balcony or a loggia for this purpose, but in the summer heat this is not the best option. A cool basement or cellar is ideal, and in their absence - a household refrigerator. Just do not forget to enlist the support of households: not every wife will treat with understanding the neighborhood of a box with worms and a borscht pan.
In the process, you need to monitor the moisture and oxygen saturation of the soil. The substrate should be periodically watered and mixed, but should not be overdone with water: the soil should be moist, but not wet! That is why it is necessary to store the worm in an unpressurized container: excess water flows through the holes and oxygen enters.
With long-term maintenance, the "fish delicacy" should be periodically fed (enough once a week). For this purpose, you can use chopped peel of a banana, sleeping tea, cottage cheese, chopped raw potatoes, moistened paper without printing ink.
Storage in the apartment
Living in an apartment building dictates its conditions when storing worms. Often, due to the inadmissibility of excess moisture, containers are not chosen as wooden crates, but plastic or enameled containers in order to store worms for fishing at home. A box, bucket or pan is filled with soil, peat, admissible addition of beautiful leaves, hay. Bait is placed in this substrate. In these conditions, it is also necessary to moisten and feed the population in the same ways as in the case of storage in wooden boxes. It must be remembered that the container must not be tightly closed, otherwise the worms will die. However, if you don’t close the box at all, then they can crawl around the apartment. The best cover would be gauze or other breathable fabric.
The storage location must be cool, otherwise the worms may die. The refrigerator is the best option, but not everyone has the ability to store worms there, so you can find another cool place like the dark corner of the pantry. In cool weather, as well as at night, the best option would be to store the worms on the balcony.
Some anglers use old aquariums to store worms, filling them with soil and peat. In a spacious container, the worms feel much better, respectively, and stay alive much longer.
Another storage option is a canvas bag with moist ground. The worms are placed in it after digging directly with the soil, after which it is placed on the lower shelf of the refrigerator, checking and moistening from time to time.
Worm storage methods at home
In fact, all these methods are similar and one thing unites them: creating conditions similar to the habitat of worms. This is quite easy to achieve if you know how to properly store the worms at home.
Worms can be saved:
- In the bags.
- In the drawers.
- In the pits.
Each of these methods has its advantages and disadvantages.
Storage in bags cannot be long because:
- worms are demanding on the volume of living space, that is, on the amount of land,
- the bag contributes to the quick drying of the earth, therefore it requires constant and frequent moistening.
Therefore, a similar method for a small amount of bait, stored for a short time, for example, fishing in the heat, with an overnight stay and generally to save the worms directly on the shore.
Boxes are more suitable for long-term storage. They can be found ready-made or made independently. The main thing is that there is good ventilation and sufficient volume. The box is filled with a mixture of earth and beautiful leaves for earthworms or rotted manure with the same leaves for manure. Once a week, you need to feed your pets.
The banana peel is ideal for this purpose, as well as:
- drunk tea
- vegetable peeling,
- wet paper (but not newspapers - poisonous ink on them!),
- cottage cheese.
Storage in pits is most efficient. Если у рыболова в наличии имеется погреб или подвал, его задача только лишь выкопать яму подходящего объема (глубиной не более полуметра), застелить дно и стенки ямы мелкой сеткой, например, москитной и заполнить яму субстратом для ее обитателей. После этого остается только заселить червяков, которые прекрасно будут себя чувствовать в таком жилище даже зимой.Of course, with proper care by the fisherman.
Another necessary condition that must be observed is temperature. Extreme heat, like cold, will negatively affect the vitality of invertebrates. The ideal temperature for storing earthworms is within 6 - 10 ° C, as in a refrigerator.
If the "stock" has increased, you need to take care of a new home, or release extra bait on the outside in order to preserve living space for the remaining specimens.
Important tricks and tricks
How to store worms so that they have a "salable" appearance?
To do this, in the substrate where they live, you can add:
- burlap pieces
- crushed brick.
This is best done in a separate container at least a day before fishing, separating some of the worms that are intended for fishing. Additives will clean the bait of the earth and dirt, and crushed brick will give the worms a reddish hue.
In addition, various attractants can be used.
In the soil with worms add:
- vanillin or vanilla sugar,
- sunflower oil (unrefined),
- sunflower meal,
- hemp cake or oil (if you find).
Attractants are also better not to apply immediately to the entire volume of worms, but only to the required amount.
With various additives, it is important not to overdo it, as there is a risk of getting the opposite effect. And before applying attractants to dung worms, you need to weigh the pros and cons well, since they themselves have a very stable and attractive smell for fish.
Everyone who kept pets knows that they require attention and care. If you take the preparation and storage of worms with due diligence, you can provide yourself with bait for almost the entire year, save yourself from the search and, sometimes, difficult prey of these underground inhabitants.
In the heat, even an undemanding dung beetle becomes sluggish, therefore, during summer fishing, special attention should be paid to the safety of bait in marketable condition.
If we are talking about a long fishing session, you can take a container with worms contained in the home, and put it in the most shaded place, in a draft. It is advisable to dig a hole under it: then it will be even cooler there.
You can save worms in a marketable form and simply in the holeand this method can be used both on fishing and at home in the presence of a cellar. To do this, dig a hole, lay it with a layer of mosquito net or loose fabric (preferably burlap, but many even use ordinary tights for this purpose).
After that, you need to fill the improvised container with soil of sufficient looseness (you can add sand or sawdust), populate the worms there, and then tie the fabric into an improvised bag. An alternative is the use of a fine-mesh metal or plastic mesh as a “cover”. If the pit is deep, well-made up to the top, and the substrate with the worms a bit, you can do without linking the fabric or other protection against sprawling.
During storage, one should not forget about the periodic aeration of the soil with the addition of a sufficient amount of water. To maintain the optimum temperature, it is recommended to cover the hole with fir spruce on top.
Sometimes anglers use it for similar purposes. linen bags or regular work glovesfilled with substrate. They are hung in a shade in the wind and periodically lowered into water to moisturize. For a one-two-day session, this option is quite entitled to use.
Storage in the heat during fishing
To create conditions for storing worms for fishing at home for a long time, although not easy, is possible if there is a cool place. However, it often happens that during long summer fishing trips it is necessary to store the worms taken with them in hot conditions for several days.
For not too long, the worms can survive in hot summer weather, but for this you need to constantly monitor them. One way to save the worms during the heat season is to use a canvas bag or mitt. The worms are placed there together with the earth, after which the mitten is tightly tied and for a second falls into the water. The fabric gets wet, while the earth does not have time to collect moisture. A wet bag is placed in the shade, and is wetted repeatedly as it dries.
Also, worms can be placed together with the earth in a plastic container, sprinkled with dry leaves on top. After that, the container should be closed with a lid with ventilation holes and wrapped with a damp cloth. This design is placed in the shade. In this state, the worms can be stored even if it is very hot outside, you only need to moisten the rag regularly.
If the fishing is planned to be really long, you need to put the worms together with the ground and pretty leaves in a thin cloth bag (you can use a female stocking), dig a small hole in the shade of the trees, put a bag in it and sprinkle with earth. If necessary, the earth can be slightly moistened, but do it sparingly, since excess moisture is harmful to the worms.
Using one of these methods guarantees the fisherman preservation of the bait throughout the fishing.
Storage of worms in frost
Some winter fishing enthusiasts manage to stock up on a worm in the fall and maintain its life throughout the ice fishing season. On the one hand, finding a cool place is easier, but this delicate bait dies from frost. Ideal to use for storage basement or cellar: in cold weather, usually there is a positive temperature. Fit and good insulated loggia. In other cases, you will have to run around with a precious load from the balcony to the apartment and back, or, according to tradition, occupy a home refrigerator.
When fishing, the main thing is to prevent the bait from freezing. To begin with, it is worth packing it together with the substrate in several bags (to avoid tearing), tying it and putting it in a fishing box. If the frost is small and the box has sufficient thermal insulation, you can store bait there during fishing. Otherwise, you will have to follow the example of fishermen of the past and warm the precious bait with your own heat, placing it under your clothes.
Please note that airtight containers and plastic bags are not intended for long-term storage: the worm does not receive enough oxygen, and the substrate is quickly compressed. To increase its viability in these conditions, you need to take fewer worms per substrate and periodically let them “breathe” fresh air.
Catching earthworms for a fisherman who has certain skills in this field will not be difficult, just find a place suitable for living worms and wait for the right weather. In turn, the storage of earth dwellers is quite difficult. And if there is no particular difficulty in preserving the bait for several days, then you must try to keep it for several weeks or months. In order for the worms to remain alive as long as possible, they need to provide suitable living conditions. Creeps are more finicky than, for example, dung worms and require a large amount of grass as part of the substrate in which they live. Also, their storage implies maintaining the optimum low temperature and high humidity for them, as well as introducing feed into the substrate, to which the worms are quite unpretentious. It is important to remember that it is unacceptable to store various types in a common container, as this can lead to their death. Thus, for the successful storage of worms, it is necessary to qualitatively provide them with the necessary conditions for life.
Tips from experienced anglers
And in the final of our publication, by tradition, we offer you the advice of experienced anglers:
- In dense clay soil it is better to add peat, moss, sawdust for loosening. The substrate must be periodically loosened and mixed, ensuring its saturation with oxygen.
- Before fishing, you can bring a potential bait into a "fighting state": adding crushed brick to the substrate will give the bait an attractive bright red color, and cinnamon, vanillin, cake or unrefined vegetable oil - and a seductive smell.
- For dung beetle, the use of attractants is undesirable: the fish already considers its “aroma" extremely attractive.
- If optimal conditions are created, the worms will not only survive, but also begin to multiply. Do not overpopulate!
- No matter how and wherever you store the worm, you need to remember the timely removal of dead individuals, otherwise the entire population will soon die.
In modern conditions, you don’t have to bother with prey and providing optimal conditions for the “living” of worms: in a specialized store you can buy not only the necessary equipment, but also any bait. In a word, there would be a desire, but there is always the opportunity to go fishing cool!